Institutions What happens next at the Vatican By Kevin Eckstrom and Alessandro Speciale | February 11, 2013 ShareTweet EmailPrint More More on Institutions Subscribe to Institutions An unidentified Cardinal walking toward the Domus Santa Martha, the hotel where the Cardinals live during the Conclave. Many Cardinals cruise the streets of Rome by chauffered car; but some prefer the old fashioned method of transportation. Photo by Rene Shaw. Active RNS subscribers and members can view this content by logging-in here.(RNS) What are the rules for electing a new pope? They're not much different after a pope dies or resigns. Pope Benedict XVI modified the rules in 2007, following a major overhaul by Pope John Paul II in 1996.