Retired German neonatologist Ingeborg Syllm-Rapoport, aged 102, poses with her doctoral certificate at the UKE hospital in Hamburg, on June 9, 2015. From 1937 until 1938 Syllm-Rapoport studied medicine in Hamburg, but the admission to her oral exam was denied by the Nazi authorities due to her Jewish origin. Some 77 years later Syllm-Rapoport took her oral exam and passed it successfully on May 20, 2015. Photo courtesy of REUTERS/Fabian Bimmer
*Editors: This photo may only be republished with RNS-JEWISH-PHD, originally transmitted on June 11, 2015.
When Ingeborg Syllm-Rapoport first submitted her doctoral thesis on diphtheria in 1938, she was barred from completing her oral defense under Hitler's Nuremberg Race Laws, which disenfranchised citizens with Jewish ancestry.