JERUSALEM — Just one narrow street divides the Arab village of Jabel Mukaber from the Jewish neighborhood of Armon Hanatziv in East Jerusalem. But the gulf between the two communities seems impossible to bridge these days.
Although relations have never been warm, they have worsened dramatically amid the violence that has gripped Israel over the past month, leaving nearly four dozen Palestinians and 10 Israelis dead.
Each side blames the other for starting the trouble. Arabs say protests broke out over Israel’s plans to impose sovereignty and restrictions over the Temple Mount/Noble Sanctuary, a site holy to Muslims and Jews. Residents of the Jewish neighborhood say the false allegation is a rumor spread by Palestinian leaders to foment riots and a string of terror attacks against Jews across Israel.
Not all Arab residents condone the attacks, but they say they understand the frustration behind them. Jerusalem’s Arab youths “don’t have any hope. They feel Israel is trying to take over Al-Aqsa,” the mosque on the Temple Mount that is considered the third holiest site in Islam,” said Jabal Mukaber resident Inad Sourghi, a father of six, ages 5 to 16.
Sourghi said anger over Israel’s alleged takeover of the site comes on top of simmering anger over Israel’s spreading settlements on land that Palestinians consider theirs. “They see settlers living up the hill on (four acres) of our family’s land,” he said, referring to the Jewish residents of Armon Hanatziv and Nof Zion, Jewish neighborhoods built on land “confiscated from Arab land owners,” according to Peace Now, an Israeli peace group.
Sourghi said city services provided to Arabs are “far worse” than those provided to Jewish neighborhoods. “They see police and checkpoints. How can our children not be angry?” Sourghi asked.
“Palestinians in East Jerusalem pay the same national and municipal taxes as Jews in West Jerusalem but receive a fraction of the services,” said Daoud Kuttab, a Palestinian media expert. “A visit to Jabel Mukaber and the Armon Hanatziv settlement is enough to show clearly the huge disparity between Arabs and Jews in what is considered the united capital of Israel.”
Kuttab said that for many Palestinians “the last source of hope is religion. And when that was tampered with by Israeli right-wing ministers calling for the destruction of Al-Aqsa and the building of the Jewish temple in its place, the people’s patience burst and the result is what we are seeing today.”
Some of the men implicated in recent attacks come from Jabel Mukaber, whose residents, like much of the world, do not recognize Israeli sovereignty over East Jerusalem, territory Israel captured from Jordan in the 1967 Six-Day War and which Palestinians claim as the capital of any future state.
On Oct. 13, two men from the village shot and stabbed passengers on a public bus in Armon Hanatziv, killing one and wounding 10. The same day, another Jabal Mukaber resident drove his car into religious Jews waiting for a bus in West Jerusalem before hacking one to death with a meat cleaver. Another resident tried to stab an Israeli border policeman.
Jewish residents in Armon Hanatziv say these attacks, as well as dozens of instances of rock-throwing, windshield shattering and firebombing carried out by Palestinian teens, have left them feeling frightened and vulnerable. Since the bus attack, few Jews venture to the shops on the Arab side of the street, despite the contingent of border police recently stationed nearby.
Gil Schecter, a Jewish father of four whose apartment complex is across the street from several single-family Jabel Mukaber homes, said frustration is no excuse for violence.
He recalled how teenagers from Jabel Mukaber threw Molotov cocktails at his home on the night of July 31.
“Our garden was destroyed, and it’s a miracle the firebomb didn’t burn the house down,” Schecter said, showing a municipal surveillance video of the arson attack on his tablet. “It started during the summer of 2014 with demonstrations where people carried Hamas flags and shouted ‘Death to the Jews.’ The third intifada (uprising) started right here. That’s what Arabs are calling it, and as far as we’re concerned this is a war against us and the people of Israel.”
In July 2014, Jewish extremists kidnapped and burned Muhammad Abu Khdeir, a 16-year-old from Jerusalem’s Shuafat neighborhood. In the wave of outrage after the boy’s killing, Palestinian youths clashed with Israeli security forces in East Jerusalem.
Schecter said his children, ages 4 to 17, “no longer play outside or ride on buses for fear of being knifed.” Earlier this month a 13-year-old Arab boy knifed a 13-year-old Jewish boy riding a bicycle.
Israel, he insisted “is not changing the status quo on the Temple Mount. And the municipality, recognizing the decades of neglect in East Jerusalem, has put tens of millions of shekels into improving the schools and paving the roads and cleaning up the garbage.”
Iris Israeli, Schecter’s next-door neighbor, said her grown children, who live outside Jerusalem, will not allow her grandchildren to spend the night with her, fearing for their safety.
“We’re literally living on the edge. This street is the only thing that separates us from the village,” Israeli said, looking out at her Arab neighbors’ homes from her garden.
Her house lies just outside a tall mesh fence the government built to protect the home of other neighbors after villagers threw 17 Molotov cocktails at them.
Israeli and her husband, Amiram, who are secular and politically left-of-center, moved to their home in Armon Hanatziv 40 years ago, when the view from her garden apartment consisted of Jabel Mukaber’s olive trees.
Amiram Israeli, 68, believes Israel had no choice but to annex East Jerusalem after Israel captured it. From 1948 until 1967, when East Jerusalem was under Jordanian rule, “Arab snipers shot at us from East Jerusalem. Since Israel was created, the Arabs haven’t recognized Israel’s right to exist,” he said. “Armon Hanatziv was built on no-man’s land, an empty buffer zone between Jordanian and Israeli troops.
In Jabel Mukaber, Sourghi said he has “good relations” with Jews, Christians and Muslims despite the violence and fundamental split over land rights. “We all have one God,” he said. “There are extremists on the Palestinian side and the Israeli side.”
He prays for the day when East Jerusalem will be in Palestinian, not Israeli, hands but insisted: “I won’t send out my children to die in order to achieve this.”