January 4, 2016

Iraqi Shiites protest Saudi execution of cleric

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Iraqi men protest against the execution of Shiite Muslim cleric Nimr al-Nimr in Saudi Arabia, during a demonstration in Najaf January 4, 2016. Photo by Alaa al-Marjani, courtesy of Reuters.

Iraqi men protest against the execution of Shiite Muslim cleric Nimr al-Nimr in Saudi Arabia, during a demonstration in Najaf January 4, 2016. Photo by Alaa al-Marjani, courtesy of Reuters.

BAGHDAD (Reuters) – At least two Sunni Muslim mosques have been attacked in Iraq and two people killed in apparent retaliation for the execution of a senior Shiite cleric in Sunni-ruled Saudi Arabia, officials and police said on Monday.

Iraqi Shiites protesting the Jan. 2 execution of Saudi Shiite cleric Nimr al-Nimr separately marched in Baghdad and southern cities, while a powerful Iranian-backed Shiite militia group pressured the government to sever ties with Riyadh.

Iraq’s Interior Ministry confirmed the attacks on Sunni mosques late Sunday in Hilla, around 60 miles south of Baghdad. Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi blamed them on “Daesh (Islamic State) and those who are similar to them,” without further explanation.

He ordered provincial authorities “to chase the criminal gangs” who attacked the mosques.


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Iraq has faced sectarian bloodletting for years, mainly between minority Sunnis and a Shiite majority empowered after the U.S.-led invasion in 2003. The battle against Sunni Islamic State militants who control large swathes of the north and west has only exacerbated those tensions.

The spark for Sunday’s attacks appears to have been Nimr’s execution a day earlier, which triggered angry reactions in Shiite-led Iraq and Iran.

Saudi Arabia cut ties with regional rival Iran on Sunday after protesters attacked the kingdom’s embassy in Tehran. Bahrain, the Shiite-majority Gulf state ruled by a Sunni family, and Sudan followed suit on Monday.

The attack on a mosque in central Hilla destroyed its dome and several walls, according to a Reuters TV cameraman who visited the site. Provincial council member Falah al-Khafaji and a police source said a guard in the building was killed.


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“We have leads and security measures will be taken near mosques,” said Khafaji, pledging to rebuild the buildings.

PROTESTS

Prominent religious and political leaders in Iraq have called on the government to cut ties with Saudi Arabia, which reopened its Baghdad embassy last week after closing it in 1990 following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

While Abadi and Iraq’s foreign ministry have condemned Nimr’s execution, they have given no indication of a more severe response.

Asaib Ahl al-Haq, a powerful Shiite militia backed by Iran, on Monday warned the government against inaction.

“We demand the government expel the Saudi ambassador… (otherwise) the government will be responsible for the popular backlash,” it said in an online statement calling for the implementation of death sentences issued against Saudi “terrorists.”

A Muslim American protests against the execution of Shiite Muslim cleric Nimr al-Nimr in Saudi Arabia, during a rally in Dearborn, Michigan January 3, 2016. Phot by Rebecca Cook, courtesy of Reuters.

A Muslim American protests against the execution of Shiite Muslim cleric Nimr al-Nimr in Saudi Arabia, during a rally in Dearborn, Michigan January 3, 2016. Photo by Rebecca Cook, courtesy of Reuters.

The group said it was speaking on behalf of the “Islamic resistance,” a term commonly used for Iranian-backed Shiite militias, but did not specify which groups it represented.

Earlier thousands of protesters marched in Baghdad and Shiite cities in southern Iraq, heeding calls by prominent Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr to protest against Nimr’s execution.

In Baghdad, demonstrators carrying portraits of Nimr, wearing a grey beard and a white turban, rallied outside the heavily fortified Green Zone housing government departments and diplomatic representations, including the newly reopened Saudi embassy.


READ: Fear of Sunni militancy drove Saudi mass execution (Analysis)


Police guarding the zone pushed back a group of protesters trying to cross a line of barbed wire as they chanted “damned, damned be Al Saud,” referring to the Saudi ruling family.

Similar protests were held in Basra, southern Iraq’s biggest city, and in the Shiite holy cities of Najaf and Kerbala.

(Reporting By Saif Hameed and Stephen Kalin)