They are a pair of figures personifying the Church and the Synagogue — Christianity and Judaism. This pair of figures adorns the front of many European cathedrals, including at Strasbourg and Notre Dame.

  • The Church/Christianity: A beautiful, tall, erect, confident, forward-looking woman.
  • The Synagogue/Judaism: A forlorn, blindfolded woman, carrying a broken lance, with the tablets or a Torah scroll at her feet.