Beliefs Culture Jonathan Merritt: On Faith and Culture Opinion

Will God be left behind? An interview with Rob Bell (part one)

The provocative New York Times bestselling author has released his first book since inciting controversy among Christians with his views on the afterlife.
The provocative New York Times bestselling author has released his first book since inciting controversy among Christians with his views on the afterlife.

The provocative New York Times bestselling author releases his first book since inciting controversy among Christians with his views on the afterlife.

According to The New York Times, Rob Bell is “one of the most influential Christian leaders in the country.” More than 2.5 million of his Nooma films have been sold, thousands flock to arenas to hear him speak, and he even earned a coveted spot in 2011’s “TIME 100.”

Depending on your theological leanings, Rob’s influence is an occasion for either rejoicing or lamentation. While some claim that he represents the future of American Christianity, others think that his more progressive ideas have strayed so far from orthodox Christianity that they are actually heretical. His 2011 book, Love Wins: A Book about Heaven, Hell, and the Fate of Every Person Who Ever Lived, for example, challenged the notion that those who do not believe in Christ will spend eternity separated from God in hell.

Today, Rob has released a new book titled, What We Talk About When We Talk About GodThe text across the back of the book asks, “Will God be left behind?” In it, Rob attempts to survey popular language and ideas applied to God by Christians in light of a culture that is finding those conceptions increasingly irrelevant. Unlike some of his past critics, I read Rob’s new book from cover to cover. I enjoyed many parts of it, while others made me squirm in my seat. Because I am committed to dialoguing with thought leaders across the spectrum of Christianity through “On Faith & Culture,” I took some time to sit down with Rob and discuss his most recent work. The following is part one of my interview:

JM: There is always a lot of pressure after an author experiences that kind of success you did with Love Wins. Sometimes authors don’t know where to go next. Why did you decide that What We Talk About When We Talk About God should be your next book?

RB: You know, for me, it’s always been that there’s way too much in my head and heart to write about.  For me, the problem has never been what I should write about. It’s always been what, of all of these ideas, I should actually give my full energy to.  So, there’s generally four or five books rattling around in there and the ideas that form the backbone of this new book, they’ve been percolating for a while. Generally, I just pick the idea that seems to be the closest to the surface and jump in. If there’s any particular reason, it was probably just a lot of conversations with people where I kept thinking this book could really help.

JM: You talk about God being a bit like Oldsmobiles, something for the past or for then, not now. In your mind, does God change or do humans just learn more about who God has always been?

RB: Yes, I think that we are, as humans, endlessly learning and growing in our awareness of the God who has always been there. So B, in your two options.

JM: Though you believe the Enlightenment was a good thing in some ways, you say, “as reason and logic became more and more prominent, other ways of knowing became less emphasized.” What are other ways of knowing, other than the intellect, that you think have been lost among Christians and need to be recovered? 

Book cover courtesy of HarperOne

Book cover courtesy of HarperOne

RB: I wasn’t specifically writing about Christians there.  I was writing about those of us in the Western world as a whole. But I might answer by pointing to the enduring power of music and how people will talk about an album that really got them through a tough time or a song that really spoke to them and the lyrics have almost nothing to do with that person’s life situation. You know what I mean? There’s this sense in which that music really spoke to them powerfully.

Often times, knowledge bypasses this sort of ridged, rational analysis that we are so used to running everything through, and it speaks right to our hearts. There’s something beautiful, and it inspires us, and yet when asked to articulate why, we end up talking about how we like the colors or we like the shape or we like the form of that sculpture. I think that would be an example in which there is truth, but it is not in a rational, logical, unfolding linear sort of way.

JM: There is a discussion in your book about the importance of language in how we talk about God. You say, “An image of God doesn’t contain God, in the same way a word about God or a doctrine or a dogma about God isn’t God. It only points to God.” You specifically mention gender, and I think the discussion of gendered language will be a sticking point for some because male conceptions of God are deeply embedded into the Christian scriptures and tradition. How do you believe Christians need to speak about and think differently when it comes to God and gendered language?

RB: Language is just that. It’s language. It’s not the reality, but just the words we use. I think it is important that Jesus uses this phrase often: “the kingdom of God is like.” And the word “parable” means “to place alongside of.” So it is taking language and placing it alongside of something in order to better access it.

I think it goes back to this Jesus story being just that, a powerful story rooted in actual space, time, and history. So the people who were telling it and interacting with it and anticipating the coming of Jesus and then working through the implications of the cross and resurrection, they were real people in real places in real time. They put all of this in language that their listeners and readers could understand. So what does it look like for us now to put this in our own language that the world around us can resonate with?

JM: So it would be totally appropriate to pray to one’s “heavenly mother” as well as one’s “heavenly father?” 

RB: Well, you certainly have Isaiah using a mother image for God and Jesus talks about longing to gather like a mother hen gathers her chicks. But that is a great question, and one we should be asking.

JM: A major point in your book is that God is ahead of us, drawing us and calling us forward to a better future. You talk about this in terms of “the divine pull.” What do you mean by this?

RB: I tell a story about my friend who is a comedian who dressed up like a priest and went to a comedy club. He made this fake confessional wall out of cardboard, and he goes up on stage and asks if anyone wants to make a confession. And people actually did. Like, at a comedy club on a weekend night. And they weren’t joking around. People had serious things to confess. I simply point out that there is something within us, a draw or a pull to tell our secrets or vomit up the dark things that reside within us. In the scriptures, this is called “God.” God is the one who is drawing us and pulling us and calling us and inviting us to live as integrated and whole beings.

My experience as a pastor is that we often have these urges—the urge to tell the truth, the urge to give something away, the urge to forgive. In the Christian tradition, this is called the Spirit of God that is calling all of us, inviting all of us to be everything we were made to be. When we listen to that, extraordinary things happen.

JM: Some on the right of Christianity say that your last book made you irrelevant, and this book will only make you more so. Others on the left counter that you represent the future of the Christian faith. Where do you see yourself and your thinking in terms of where American Christianity is heading? Do you think you’re the future mainstream? 

RB:  I have no desire to comment on where I am in all of this. Someone else can do that. I think that the things I write and talk about, I’ve seen again and again how this represents how lots and lots of people think about faith. So there are these moments in history where things shift and lots of people say, “The thing that we were handed doesn’t work for us. It’s no longer where the life is. But here, with these understandings, is where we’re finding Christ. So we’re going to go this way.” Lots of people are doing that, and I’m thrilled to be a part of it.

About the author

Jonathan Merritt

Jonathan Merritt is senior columnist for Religion News Service and a contributing writer for The Atlantic. He has published more than 2500 articles in outlets like USA Today, The Week, Buzzfeed and National Journal. Jonathan is author of "Jesus is Better Than You Imagined" and "A Faith of Our Own: Following Jesus Beyond the Culture Wars." He resides in Brooklyn, NY.


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  • I love the idea that God has not changed but that our learning and understanding of him have.

  • I’m just wondering where in the book of Isaiah is God compared to a woman/mother? I’d like to look up the verses and see the context… thanks

  • This all just Gnosticism in a shiny new package for the new millennium. People would do better to read scripture and the early church fathers and the desert mothers and fathers than the modernists.

  • Rob Bell is a media created hologram. He slithers from one media interview to the next, hissing out “has God really said that?” to all who will listen. We know who and what you are, Rob. We’re not buying any.

  • Just wondering why no one is asking him why he’s using an oblique reference or homage to Raymond Carver’s short story What We Talk About When We Talk About Love.

  • I appreciate you covering Rob Bell. At one time I would have dug in to see what he had to say. But he seems more interested in asking questions than giving answers… To make what we do understand about God from His word, unclear… I won’t be buying it, and I won’t include his work in my Corps after training… That said it is good for us to know what it out there and I thank you for that…

  • Why not call God It? We really don’t know what God is or what he is made of, we simply project human characteristics onto Him. Clearly God is not a human being so gender is a moot issue. We project a male gender onto God because the word he represented all of humanity back in the day. From our limited prospective we can’t imagine or describe things like infinity, or eternity, or God. We then use adjectives we are familiar with to try to understand things we can’t possibly conceive of. In short whatever image of God works for, or makes God more real for you, adhere to it.

  • So everything in the Word of God is utterly and absolutely clear to you, spelled out to the letter, and you’re utterly and absolutely certain of that? Gimme a break, man…

  • I read C.S. Lewis or Abraham Kyper and my mind is refreshed, challenged, stimulated, my faith reinforced. These were giants both intellectually and spiritually. I read an interview like this and the only word that comes to my mind is “inane.”

    God has indeed not changed BUT neither has man. “In attempting to become wise we have instead become fools and changed the image of the incorruptible God into an image like that of corruptible man.”

    I’m “young” and my children are even “younger” (this statist obsession with “youth” is so breathtakingly stupid) and they see God for what he was, is, and always will be. How do they know? It’s called the Bible.

  • What I know of Rob Bell (I’ve read his stuff and heard him speak) is this, “He’s a whack job.” It is a testimony of our time that someone so screwed up could have a following at all.

    (This comment is less significant but I actually think Rob Bell has mental problems. You can see characteristics of mental illness in his face.)