5 faith facts about Sam Brownback: Political champion of religious freedom

Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback waves to guests before delivering his State of the State address to a joint session of the Kansas Legislature in Topeka on Jan. 10, 2017. (AP Photo/Orlin Wagner)

WASHINGTON (RNS) — Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback, President Trump’s nominee for international religious freedom ambassador, describes religious freedom as “the choice of what you do with your own soul.”

If confirmed, the 60-year-old, two-term Republican governor, former U.S. senator and onetime presidential candidate would be the first politician confirmed as the ambassador-at-large for international religious freedom. Previous ambassadors were religious or nonprofit  leaders, and Brownback would follow a rabbi and a Protestant minister.

“Religious Freedom is the first freedom,” he said in a tweet responding to Trump’s announcement. “I am honored to serve such an important cause.”

Here are five faith facts about this Methodist-turned-Catholic politician:

1. He was a key sponsor of the legislation that created the office he may lead.

As senator, he supported the 1998 International Religious Freedom Act, which also created the ambassadorial post.

During his two terms as governor, “his actions on international religious freedom would be minimal,” said Rabbi David Saperstein, the most recent international religious freedom ambassador. But Brownback’s support of the State Department office while he was senator, and his efforts to end the South Sudan civil war, were noteworthy, Saperstein said.

“Issues of religious freedom were very much at stake in his lead work on the Sudan Peace Act,” he said, adding he thinks Brownback will be “an effective ambassador-at large.”

Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback, at far right, and three bishops attend the religious freedom rally on Feb. 17, 2016, in Topeka, Kan. Archbishop Joseph F. Naumann of Kansas City, from left, Bishop Edward J. Weisenburger of Salina, and Bishop Carl A. Kemme, of Wichita attended with Brownback. Photo courtesy of Joe Bollig/The Leaven

2. He is a Catholic convert who has attended evangelical churches with his family.

Brownback has been a bit of a Christian church hopper. He grew up a Methodist but converted to Catholicism in 2002. Today he attends Topeka Bible Church, said Teresa Jenkins, a spokeswoman for the nondenominational evangelical church with an average weekly attendance of 1,400.

Sometimes, he rises early for Mass before joining his family at the church, calling the routine, according to author Jeff Sharlet, a “great mixture of the feeding.”

Sharlet’s book,“The Family,” about a secretive Christian group to which Brownback belonged, said the governor was “baptized not in a church but in the ‘Catholic Information Center,’” a Washington chapel run by Opus Dei, another secretive group.

3. He has supported “religious liberty” issues and rallies with conservative Christians.

In 2016, he joined a “Rally for Religious Freedom” alongside Catholic bishops, the lead pastor of Topeka Bible Church and Barronelle Stutzman, a Washington state florist who was sued after she cited her religious beliefs in refusing to create an arrangement for a gay wedding. “I have never seen a bigger rally at this statehouse than this one,” Brownback told the demonstrators, according to a Catholic diocese website. “It is fantastic.”

When then-Texas Gov. Rick Perry, now U.S. energy secretary, invited 49 other governors to attend “The Response: A Call to Prayer for a Nation in Crisis” in Houston in 2011, Brownback was the only other governor who showed up in person. (One other sent a video.)

In 2012, he was criticized by church-state separationists for promoting a prayer event for which he said, “We’ve been favored like no nation in history and yet too often we’ve forgotten God.”

4. His nomination has been hailed by a range of evangelicals.

The National Association of Evangelicals called Brownback “a strong candidate.” Faith and Freedom Coalition declared “help is on the way” after dozens of reports of Christian persecution abroad “in the last month alone.” Southern Baptist ethicist Russell Moore noted Brownback’s “dealing with AIDS in Africa and advocating on behalf of persecuted religious minorities.” Focus on the Family founder James Dobson called him “a man of deep personal faith.”

5. He signed legislation allowing religious campus groups to restrict membership.

The 2016 bill “allows religious organizations to establish religious belief as qualification for membership,” he said at that time.

The ACLU, reacting to his nomination, said, “In Gov. Brownback’s view, ‘religious freedom’ has meant issuing a license to discriminate against others, especially against LGBT Kansans.”

University of Vermont political science professor Peter Henne said a Brownback appointment could change emphasis on LGBTQ issues abroad: “If there are countries repressing LGBTQ people for reasons they claim are related to religion, we might not push back on that as much as we would otherwise,” he said.

About the author

Adelle M. Banks

Adelle M. Banks, production editor and a national reporter, joined RNS in 1995. An award-winning journalist, she previously was the religion reporter at the Orlando Sentinel and a reporter at The Providence Journal and newspapers in the upstate New York communities of Syracuse and Binghamton.


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  • “3. He has supported “religious liberty” issues and rallies with conservative Christians.”

    Which means he is against religious freedom and supports Christian based discrimination.

    He is an excrecable choice for the position. But it gets him out of his current day job or reducing Kansas to the setting of a Mad Max movie.

  • Brownback was baptized into the Catholic Church. Greg Burke, head of the pope’s Press Office, is a member of Opus Dei as well a former Fox News correspondent. The Catholic Information Center has a chapel. SHAME on Banks “an RNS reporter since 1995” who must know the above to be true.

  • My apologies for not being clearer. I understood the insertion of the totally irrelevant fact that Brownback “was “baptized not in a church but in the ‘Catholic Information Center” to infer that Opus Dei and/or his baptism are somehow not fully Catholic or at least suspect. It seems to serve no other purpose.

  • “Religious liberty”: Those words you keep using. I do not think they mean what you think they mean.

  • What a joke. But at least the appointment will get him out of the Kansas he has ruined. The Senate should reject this nomination. Brownback is no friend of religious liberty. He has long opposed the rights of conscience and religious liberty of half our population, women, with his opposition to reproductive choice. And where does he stand on such issues as the Trump/DeVos campaign to make all taxpayers support sectarian private schools?

  • AFAIK, I thought the Judiciary committee usually has the job of confirming executive branch appointments. Could be wrong there.

  • “…describes religious freedom as “the choice of what you do with your own soul.”

    I would add “and what you want to choose for your neighbor’s soul”.

  • provided you believe there is such a thing as a soul, and that anyone knows jack about it.

  • Brownback’s idea of religious freedom is:
    Religious freedom is for me. The freedom to follow my religion is for you.

  • I guess we will see what kind kind of “Jesus” he follows, the one who includes the last, the least, the lost and the littlest, or the Jesus who conquers. Given his record I think his understanding of Christ will be legalistic rather than the Christ of good news who heals and forgives.

  • Trump’s nominee for the International Religious Freedom Ambassador is out of place. A conservative Christian, evangelical or Catholic cannot hold this post with sincerity. Where does he stand when dealing with LGBT rights in Uganda, Kenya, Swaziland and other African countries? What about important issues such as planned parenthood and abortion in poor, developing nations such as Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Brazil, Indonesia South Africa and so on? In most of these countries, there is no religious freedom at all. Even in India, supposedly a democracy, a lot of freedoms are curtailed. Why doesn’t he go and find out the truth! You really need an open-minded person for this job and not someone who already has some preconceived idea indoctrinated by the church.

  • The phrase “Sam Brownback: Political champion of religious freedom” is an oxymoron of immense proportions.

  • You forgot one category: those women and girls who are caught up in sex-trafficking slavery.

    We’ve all seen “what kind of Jesus” that Gov. Brownback followed on that problem. Some people just talk, but Brownback took public actions and spent public money to fight back..

    “What kind of Jesus?” Actually it’s the same Jesus that Brownback followed with the suffering people of Darfur.

    Pretty serious Jesus he’s hooked up with.

  • “Religious freedom” does not mean special treatment of evangelicals and discrimination against everyone else.