Saudi Arabia’s execution of Shiite cleric ignites protests, threats, international outrage

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Iraqi men hold a banner of Shiite cleric Nimr al-Nimr, as they prepare to hang it in a street in Basra, southeast of Baghdad, January 3, 2016. Banner reads, "We belong to Allah and to Him shall we return".  REUTERS/Essam Al-Sudani

Iraqi men hold a banner of Shiite cleric Nimr al-Nimr, as they prepare to hang it in a street in Basra, southeast of Baghdad, January 3, 2016. Banner reads, "We belong to Allah and to Him shall we return". REUTERS/Essam Al-Sudani

DUBAI/RIYADH (Reuters) — Iranian protesters stormed the Saudi embassy in Tehran early on Sunday and Shiite Muslim Iran’s top leader predicted “divine vengeance” for Saudi Arabia’s execution of a prominent Shiite cleric.

Demonstrators protesting against the execution of Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr broke into the embassy building, smashed furniture and started fires before being ejected by police.

Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani condemned the execution as “inhuman,” but also urged the prosecution of “extremist individuals” for attacking the embassy and the Saudi consulate in the northeastern city of Mashhad, state media reported.

Tehran’s police chief said an unspecified number of “unruly elements” were arrested for attacking the embassy with petrol bombs and rocks. A prosecutor said 40 people were held.

Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei criticized Saudi Arabia for the second straight day over Nimr’s execution.

READ: Open sectarianism in Saudi Arabia frightens Shiites

“The unjustly spilled blood of this oppressed martyr will no doubt soon show its effect and divine vengeance will befall Saudi politicians,” state TV quoted Khamenei as saying.

Iran’s Revolutionary Guards had promised “harsh revenge” against the Saudi Sunni royal dynasty for the execution of Nimr, considered a terrorist by Riyadh but hailed in Iran as a hero of the rights of Saudi Arabia’s marginalized Shiite minority.

Nimr, the most vocal critic of the dynasty among the Shiite minority, had come to be seen as a leader of the sect’s younger activists, who had tired of the failure of older, more measured leaders to achieve equality with Sunnis.

His execution sparked angry protests in the Qatif region in eastern Saudi Arabia, where demonstrators denounced the ruling Al Saud dynasty, and in the nearby Gulf kingdom of Bahrain.

Relatives of Nimr, reached by telephone, said authorities have informed them that the body had been buried “in a cemetery of Muslims” and would not be handed over to the family.

Although most of the 47 men killed in the kingdom’s biggest mass execution for decades were Sunnis convicted of al-Qaida attacks in Saudi Arabia a decade ago, it was Nimr and three other Shiites, all accused of involvement in shooting police, who attracted most attention in the region and beyond.

READ: Who are the Wahhabi Muslims? Muslim puritans, United States allies

The move appeared to end any hopes that the appearance of a common enemy in the form of the Islamic State militant force would produce some rapprochement between the region’s leading Sunni and Shiite Muslim powers, allied to opposing sides in wars currently raging in Syria and Yemen.

Khamenei’s website carried a picture of a Saudi executioner next to notorious Islamic State executioner ‘Jihadi John’, with the caption “Any differences?”. The Revolutionary Guards said “harsh revenge” would topple “this pro-terrorist, anti-Islamic regime.”

Saudi Arabia on Saturday summoned the Iranian ambassador to protest what it described as hostile remarks emerging from Tehran. On Sunday, the United Arab Emirates, a key ally of Saudi Arabia, also summoned the Iranian ambassador and handed him an official letter of protest, state news agency said.

In Iraq, whose Shiite-led government is close to Iran, religious and political figures demanded that ties with Riyadh be severed, calling into question Saudi attempts to forge a regional alliance against Islamic State, which controls swaths of Iraq and Syria.

Iraq’s top Shiite cleric, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, described the executions as an “unjust aggression.” The opinion of Sistani, based in the Shiite holy city of Najaf south of Baghdad, carries weight with millions of Shiites in Iraq and across the region, including in Saudi Arabia.

Despite the focus on Nimr, the executions seemed mostly aimed at discouraging jihadism in Saudi Arabia, where dozens have died in the past year in attacks by Sunni militants.

The ruling Al Saud family has grown increasingly worried as Middle East turmoil, especially in Syria and Iraq, has boosted Sunni jihadists seeking to bring it down and given room to Iran to spread its influence.

READThe ‘Splainer: Islam’s Sunni/Shiite divide

But Saudi Arabia’s Western allies, many of whom supply it with arms, are growing concerned about its new assertiveness.

The U.S. State Department said Nimr’s execution “risks exacerbating sectarian tensions at a time when they urgently need to be reduced,” a sentiment echoed by EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini. The State Department also urged Saudi Arabia to respect and protect human rights.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Raad al-Hussein said it was not clear those killed were granted effective legal defense, while the scale of the executions was very disturbing “particularly as some of those sentenced to death were accused of non-violent crimes.”

The execution of 47 people — 45 Saudis, one Egyptian and a man from Chad — was the biggest mass execution for security offenses in Saudi Arabia since the 1980 killing of 63 jihadist rebels who seized Mecca’s Grand Mosque in 1979.

The four Shiites had been convicted of involvement in shootings and petrol bomb attacks that killed several police during anti-government protests from 2011-13. More than 20 Shiites were shot dead by the authorities in those protests.

Family members of the executed Shiites have denied they were involved in attacks and said they were only peaceful protesters against sectarian discrimination.

Human rights groups say the kingdom’s judicial process is unfair, pointing to accusations that confessions have been secured under torture and that defendants in court have been denied access to lawyers. Riyadh denies torture and says its judiciary is independent.

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  • Islam is headed for its Reformations. And it looks bloody already.

    Christianity has blown itself up over the details of theology several times which is why it is finally dying off. Who would ever want to have a war over “Transubstantiation” again? Good grief!

    But Islam is just getting started. Hopefully the internet will reach these societies first and create more atheists before the world blows up.
    Non-Belief is not a perfect answer but it has fewer fanatics – and it makes fairer societies than religion ever did.

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  • Peter

    I think Iran probably is wondering if they better like the Americans a bit more, even their “Great Satan” does not hold Kangaroo court over Muslim’s or execute people due to religion, or for that matter ever persecute a minority based on their religious beliefs

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  • CLCheng

    to comment your website need take so many process,it really suck.the comment I wrote is lost.

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  • Larry

    Despite the “Great Satan” rhetoric, Saudi Arabia was always considered the more serious threat to Iran. Saudi Arabia and Gulf States bankrolled Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Iran in 1980, sparking the longest and bloodiest war in the Middle East at the time. The Saudi/Iranian cold war has been playing out in Lebanon, Syria and Iraq behind the scenes. Even the Israel/Palestinian conflict is directly affected by it (Fatah is Saudi backed, Hamas used to be an Iran proxy).

    Plus we just bought 95% of Iran’s substandard low grade enriched uranium and barely functioning functioning centrifuges at blackmail prices. Iran doesn’t exactly fear us right now.

  • Observer

    Islam has witnessed the fighting between the Sunni and Shia split for 1300 years. The West cannot expect either of these factions to be a friend or ally in an real sense to Europe or the US as long as each is subject to religious fanatics. The West needs to find alternatives to oil and leave these two religious factions to fight until they can settle their disputes or have as one said a real Reformation. Saudi Arabia is not our ally and never has been. With our history with Iran (nuclear deals aside); we should not expect any Iranian Olive branches unless the Russians seek to control the area.