Beliefs Culture Ethics Politics

Is support for Israel waning among evangelicals?

Israeli and American flags fly at Congregation Beth Shalom in Overland Park, Kan. on Wednesday (January 16, 2014). RNS photo by Sally Morrow

(RNS) American evangelicals have played a significant role in U.S. support for Israel; by some measures they are even more supportive than American Jews.

Israeli and American flags fly at Congregation Beth Shalom in Overland Park, Kan. on Wednesday (January 16, 2014). RNS photo by Sally Morrow

Israeli and American flags fly at Congregation Beth Shalom in Overland Park, Kan., on Jan. 16, 2014. RNS photo by Sally Morrow

But in the spring issue of Middle East Quarterly, David Brog, executive director of Christians United for Israel, wrote a piece titled “The End of Evangelical Support for Israel?” Evangelicals have shifted within the last decade, Brog wrote, and are no longer considered automatic supporters of Israel.

“The days of taking evangelical support for Israel for granted are over,” he wrote, suggesting an urgency for those who take the issue seriously. “They cannot let the evangelical community go the way of the mainstream Protestant leadership.”

Several mainline churches and international church bodies have passed resolutions on divesting money or boycotting products made in Israel because of its occupation of the Palestinian territories.

In October 2010, the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life conducted a survey of evangelical leaders attending the global evangelical conference in Cape Town, South Africa.

Overall, 48 percent of the evangelicals said Israel is a fulfillment of biblical prophecy about the Second Coming of Jesus, while 42 percent said it is not.

When asked where their sympathies lie, 34 percent of global evangelicals surveyed sympathized with Israel, compared with 30 percent of American evangelicals.

In addition, new films made by Christians are beginning to question support for Israel. They include ”With God on Our Side” (Rooftop Productions, 2010) and “Little Town of Bethlehem” (EthnoGraphic Media, 2010), funded by Mart Green, the son of Hobby Lobby’s founder, David Green.

Mart Green is the current chair of Oral Roberts University in Oklahoma, whose president, Billy Wilson, spoke at the recent controversial conference “Christ at the Checkpoint.”

“Christ at the Checkpoint” began in 2010 as a biennial conference with the idea that Jesus was a Palestinian who could be suffering under Israeli occupation today as he once suffered under Roman occupation.

David Neff, who co-convenes an annual evangelical-Jewish leader dialogue, said his Jewish friends have expressed some nervousness over recent gatherings and activities, including Christ at the Checkpoint, which took place in March.

“I think it’s more anecdotal at this point, but nevertheless, it is reasonable to think that with Christ at the Checkpoint people getting the attention of some,” Neff said, referring to Lynne Hybels, wife of megachurch pastor Bill Hybels, and progressive evangelical leader Tony Campolo. “There’s no question: People who have sympathies for the plight of the Palestinians have more access than they used to.”

In 2012, Lynne Hybels was invited to address “Peacemaking in Israel/Palestine” at Catalyst, one of the largest young evangelical gatherings in the country. She went on a trip to Palestine with Cameron Strang, the editor of Relevant magazine and son of Steve Strang, editor of Charisma magazine, which has been a strong supporter of Israel. Relevant’s March/April cover story, “Is Peace Possible?” by Cameron Strang, is on the Israeli/Palestinian conflict.

In 2012, popular author and blogger Donald Miller wrote on “The Painful Truth about the Situation in Israel.”

It’s difficult to measure long-term support for Israel among evangelicals. Findings from the Pew Research Center, though, suggest that it has remained relatively stable in the past five years.

When asked “In the dispute between Israel and the Palestinians, who do you sympathize with more?” evangelicals were far more likely to say Israel — 72 percent to 4 percent in 2013, about the same as in 2009 — according to the Pew poll.

“There’s deep attachment to Israel and I don’t see that changing,” said Todd Deatherage, executive director of Telos, a group that seeks a middle way that supports peace. “Anecdotally, it’s not that some Americans and some evangelicals are in any way becoming anti-Israel, but they’re defining their support in terms of conflict resolution.”

For years, the source of that attachment was a specific, literalistic approach to biblical prophecy, called dispensationalism. Dispensationalists believe the Israelites’ return to the Promised Land is a requirement for the Second Coming of Jesus. They therefore rejoiced when Israeli troops captured the Old City of Jerusalem from Arab forces in June 1967 and saw it as a sign that Jesus was coming.

Before he switched his theological views, California-based pastor Kim Riddlebarger sold Bible prophecy books for 25 years. Now Riddlebarger, who co-hosts a popular radio show called the White Horse Inn, believes God has fulfilled his promise to Israel through a covenant with Jesus, so he sees no theological need for a state of Israel.

“Reformed folks tend not to be involved in punditry, date setting, but more the theological discussion on Israel’s role in international politics and human rights,” Riddlebarger said. “You can only hype something so many times before people start to lose interest.”

David Gushee, Christian ethicist at Mercer University, said he sees more tourist trips to the region wanting to include a Palestinian perspective.

“The Palestinian side of the story is coming into view in the way it hasn’t come before,” he said. “As people are organizing their mental worlds theologically, whatever they’re reading, it doesn’t equal unequivocal support for Israel at any given point.”

While support for Israel may look different than it did in previous years, Jews for Jesus director David Brickner said he hasn’t seen a decline in support among the Christians he meets at colleges, churches and seminaries.

“If there’s a concern, it’s a younger generation that seems yet to have made strong conclusions whether or not to support Israel,” he said.

Still, he said, some Christians are grappling with how to handle Israel’s relationship with Palestinians.

“I long to see the church have a balanced perspective on the Middle East, where you don’t have to throw out the concern for Palestinians to support Israel,” Brickner said. “I really believe there’s a large middle ground, but it’s hard to do when people are in their polar positions.”


About the author

Sarah Pulliam Bailey

Sarah Pulliam Bailey is a national correspondent for RNS, covering how faith intersects with politics, culture and other news. She previously served as online editor for Christianity Today where she remains an editor-at-large.


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  • “David Green is the current chair of Oral Roberts University in Oklahoma….”

    correction: Mart Green is the chairman of the Oral Roberts University Board of Trustees. He’s also stepping down from that role this week, but will remain on the board.

  • As a Christian, I know that Israel is the only country that I could live in safely in the Middle East. I support it totally.

  • Have you ever spoken with a Palestinian Christian about how much harm Zionism has done to them and their families. Perhaps if you did, you would have a different view of Zionism. The Zionists have driven Palestinian Christians from land and homes held by their families for centuries. They face constant harassment from the Israeli authorities who make every possible effort to remind them that they live under the power of Israel. The Christians of the Holy Land are being crushed between the Zionists and the radical Muslims. Ultra-Orthodox Jews routinely spit upon Christian clergy walking down the streets of Jerusalem, and harass Christian processions on their feast days. The Zionists have taken land from the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem and try to interfere in the internal affairs of the Greek Orthodox, the oldest Church in the Holy Land. The New Testament clearly teaches that Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of the law of the prophets and that those who are in Christ are the true sons of Abraham. Christian Zionism is a denial of the entire message of the New Testament.

  • And Fatah and Hamas has no role to play in the condition of Palestinian Christians? The leadership of the Palestinians has been ethnically and politically cleansing itself of its Christian population for decades. Their benefactors (Arab League and Iran) have supported such actions for some time.

    That being said, the settlements must go. A 3 state solution appears to the the only viable choice here (Israel, West Bank and Gazastan). If the experience of the Gazans is any proof, a Palestinian state can only truly function if it has friendly relations with Israel.

    I make no comment in defense of the Ultra-Orthodox Jews (Haredi). Their antics have strained the patience of everyone. Including the majority of Israelis and world Jewish population in general.

  • @ Fr. John W. Morris: “The New Testament clearly teaches that Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of the law of the prophets and that those who are in Christ are the true sons of Abraham. Christian Zionism is a denial of the entire message of the New Testament.”

    You are 100% CORRECT in that statement! Why do clergymen and people in general NOT SEE THIS? The (literal) Jews and the nation of Israel have absolutely NOTHING TO DO with the prophecies re: the “end times” and the second coming of Christ….

  • Perhaps…Just as some evangelicals, and Jews for Jesus, see hope for some middle way politically, maybe there is a way theologically and eschatologically between the schools of dispensationalism and reform christianity. I used to be a staunch dispensationalist and wholly committed to the State of Israel, further study and reflection has made me more thoughtful about reform arguments on the question of the covenant between God and Israel vs God and the Church. The writings of Bishop Elias Chacour were quite an eye opener for me with respect to the plight of Palestinian Christians. Ultimately, I believe the entire world will be in a state of great tribulation before Christ’s Return, the land of Palestine may be a factor in that trouble, but in the meantime Christianity needs to hue to the principles of reconciliation, non-violence, patience and peace.

  • Sadly the modern church is ignorant of militant Islam’s desire to destroy Israel. Also the land promised to Israel by God is much larger than the land they occupy today. Any church group that boycott’s Israel for occupation is out of their mind…

  • Any American church group that does not support Israel in their struggle to exist is supporting the Islamic holocaust that is against them.

  • Thank you ! I’m so frustrated with the church and Americans who keep rallying war against innocent people . This is not being human and what Christ taught. God does not need war machines to fullfill his propecy yet he fortold us it would be so in the end. Men’s hearts are failing because everything they are supporting is a lie and it’s pride to admit maybe they could be wrong!!! I was taught Zionist agenda and now I’m appalled I was blind !!! May God open eyes to truth love and compassion and not be lead by false teaching and patriotic guilt . It’s a Lonley road standing against a crowd that says your not an American if you don’t support Israel and your not a christian if you don’t support Isreal??? I’m a christian and All I need is Jesus Christ!!! That’s my hope not being and American or a supporter of Zionist liars . The truth will prevail!!

  • This evangelical is not waning in support of what God has said He supports. If others want to dispensationalize Israel into a black hole along with the 9 gifts of the Holy Spirit, then let them answer to the Father why they took away what He set from the foundation of the world. I’m not going to stand in judgment for that and I hope they change so they don’t have to either.

  • True Christians love their enemies and forgive those who despite fully use them If they are Christians who obey Jesus sermon on the mount because if we love only those who love us, even th evil do this… so as for the Palestinian Christian as well as Any Christian in whom there is no Jew or Gentile in Christ, they should love the Jews and share the Gospel with them and convert or at least show the love of Christ to the unsaved Jew As should you, assuming you are saved in Christ. God loves Jews, Gentiles and even American religionists who think they works in His name but He never knew because they practiced iniquity. Ask the American Indian how he feels, or the Mexicans driven from the South West how the feel. oh bad example they are returning, so ask the legals how they feel when illegals are occupying the USA. True Christians home is heaven, not Palestine or Vatican or Usa either
    Heaven, not “Palestine” or the USA either!