Beliefs News

Shalom, amigo! New study sheds light on Latino Jews in US

Rabbi Juan Mejia, who was born in Bogota, Columbia and now lives and works in Oklahoma. Photo courtesy of
Rabbi Juan Mejia, a Colombian-born convert to Judaism who now works in Oklahoma and speaks and writes about Latino Jews. Photo courtesy of Rabbi Juan Mejia

Rabbi Juan Mejia, who was born in Bogota, Columbia and now lives and works in Oklahoma. Photo courtesy of

(RNS) As a group, Jewish Latinos don’t get much attention — either from Jews or Latinos in the U.S.

The first detailed survey of Americans who are both Latino and Jewish aims to shed light on this minority within a minority, who number more than 200,000 people. Among the conclusions of the recently released study: Latino Jews are proud of their dual identities, but also distinct within the larger communities of American Jews and Latino Americans.

“They don’t really fit in Latin America and they don’t really fit here either,” said Rabbi Juan Mejia, a Colombian-born convert to Judaism who now works in Oklahoma and speaks and writes about Latino Jews.

In Latin America “they were religiously deviant in mostly Catholic countries,” continued Mejia, who said the new survey resonated with him. And American Jews, whose ancestors mostly came from Europe, often “don’t know how to relate to them either.”

READ: When John Kasich taught Torah

Mejia gave the example of one New York Jewish person who found out that Mejia was from Colombia and responded, “My cleaning lady is Colombian.” Latin American Jews are in the whole highly educated, and wealthier than American Jews in general. Nearly 7 in 10 Latino Jewish households earn more than $100,000 a year, compared with 30 percent of American Jewish households.

The study’s authors also found that the group feels strongly connected to Israel and their families’ Latin American homelands, even if they weren’t born there.

“They are looking for a space of their own to articulate their multiple identities,” said Dina Siegel Vann, who is originally from Mexico City and directs an institute for Latino affairs at the American Jewish Committee.

The AJC commissioned the study, which was conducted by Latino Decisions, a public opinion firm that convened 10 focus groups of Latin American Jews in five cities with significant Latino Jewish populations: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami and New York.

According to the survey, Latino American Jews feel very connected to the American Jewish community through Jewish culture and ritual. At the same time, focus groups members consistently described American Jews as more formal in their social and religious practices, “making it difficult to relate at a personal level.” Many Latino American Jews doubted that most American Jews knew of their presence in the U.S.

“Every time I say ‘I’m a Mexican Jew,’ they say, ‘Oh, so your mom converted,’ because they don’t think we exist,” said one focus group participant.

Latino Jews said they related to the Latino American community through the Spanish language and a shared love for close families, great parties and the entrepreneurial spirit. They cited class and socio-economic differences as barriers between Jewish and non-Jewish Latinos.

“Most felt that non-Jewish Latinos have limited experience or information about Jews altogether,” the survey concluded.

Jewish communities in Latin America were built out of migrations that started in the late 19th century. The descendants of these immigrants who now live in the U.S. are overwhelmingly American citizens: 81 percent.

Latin American Jews are not necessarily Sephardic Jews, those whose families originally came from Spain. Many Latino Jews in the U.S. are Ashkenazi, descended from German and Eastern European Jews.

Focus group participants talked about strong and enduring ties to Latin America. They frequently visit family, conduct business and keep up with current events and the Jewish communities in those nations.

Latino Jews also reported a particularly strong affinity for Israel and said their Jewishness centered more on ties to the Jewish state and Jewish culture than on synagogue or religious practice. “News from Israel does not feel like it’s ‘over there’; it’s right here,” said one focus group member.

(Lauren Markoe is a national reporter for RNS)

About the author

Lauren Markoe

Lauren Markoe has been a national reporter for RNS since 2011. Previously she covered government and politics as a daily reporter at the Charlotte Observer and The State (Columbia, S.C.)


Click here to post a comment

  • Little Known Facts ~

    Latinos with surnames that end with “EZ” or “ES”. During the Spanish Inquisition the Spanish Hebrews(Sepharad Jews) added the suffix EZ to the last names to identify their HEBREW roots for future reference. The meaning was not just “the son of” as writers tell us today, but the meaning was the “PRECIOUS SONS OF ZION”. The suffix EZ means “Eres Zion” or “of/or from Zion” or “from the land of Jerusalem, Israel”. Now the surname “PEREZ “is an ancient Hebrew (now Hispanic) name which means “break forth from the womb”. Perez is one of Yahudah’s (Judah’s) twin sons.

    Here is the lineage of Abraham ~

    Many of these Latinos are descendants of the 13 tribes of Israel and don’t even know it.

    Examples – {Perez, Sanchez, Ramirez, Martinez}.
    DNA unlocks Hispanic-Jewish history ~

  • I just came across this comment in a different article here on RNS, so I’ll respond to it again. This above comment is correct. An uninformed few will argue that they are not Jews, because they do not practice the religion but as a Jew. I personally will never abnegate anyone that is of Abraham’s lineage. Others will argue that according to Judaism there must be an unbroken line of matrilineal descent (only those born of Jewish mothers are Jewish), but to those people I say remember this:

    “Whatever I command you, be careful to observe it; you shall not add to it nor take from it”
    In all the Torah, G-d delegates the descent by paternal line. Abraham, Isacc, Jacob … and in every place the sentence “son of” is shown, prophesied that the Messiah would be David’s descendent. A quick glance at Biblical genealogies makes this clear – see the many examples of Jewish kings who took non-Jewish spouses – and in inter-tribal marriage during the Biblical era, paternal descent was likewise decisive. A non-Jewish woman marrying a Jewish man didn’t even have to convert. She was now part of the tribe and her children would naturally be Jewish. Jewish family status continues to go by the father’s side to this day when determining whether one is a cohen (priest) or a levite.
    Rabbis in the years following the fall of Jerusalem to Rome had very good reasons for switching to matrilineal descent. Harvard professor and historian Shaye J.D. Cohen summarizes these in his comprehensive 1984 paper “The Matrilineal Principle in Historical Perspective.”
    These include the fact that you always know who the mother is but not necessarily who’s the father, and that there may have been a social problem to be solved following the mass rape of Jewish women by Roman soldiers during the wars of the first and second centuries of the common era. There’s much more and the full paper is worth reading – it’s at:

    In this day and age all this hearsay can be put to rest with a simple DNA Test. If you are not a blood Jew…then you are a descendant of converts and you will still be a valued member of the Jewish community. Either way it is good to know the truth.

    My Heritage DNA will tell you if you have genetic similarities to the following Jewish communities:
    Ashkenazi Jewish
    Sephardic Jewish
    Ethiopian Jewish
    Mizrahi Jewish
    Yeminite Jewish