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Few see Christianity as very important to be ‘truly American’

Students from an Alabama elementary school choir place their hands over their hearts during the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance in 2003. Photo by Mary Hattler

(RNS) Americans may pledge allegiance to “one nation under God,” but they are divided on whether religion is essential to national identity.

Nearly one-third of Americans view being a Christian as “very important” for being “truly American,” according to a Pew Research Center report on national identity in more than a dozen countries that was released Wednesday (Feb. 1). About the same number (31 percent) said it was “not at all important.”

Most white evangelical Protestants say it is very important to be Christian to be truly American. Graphic courtesy of Pew Research Center

Most white evangelical Protestants say it is very important to be Christian to be truly American. Graphic courtesy of Pew Research Center

The report surveyed 14,514 people by telephone or face to face in 14 countries between April 4 and May 29, 2016, on a number of factors that could shape national identity: birthplace, language, national customs and traditions, and religion. The survey was conducted against the backdrop of the United Kingdom’s Brexit vote to leave the European Union, then-presidential candidate Donald Trump’s campaign promise to build a wall along the United States’ border with Mexico (since enshrined in an executive order by President Trump) and growing support for populist parties in several European countries.

Religion ranked last in determining nationality for Americans, with 51 percent responding it was at least somewhat important to be a Christian in order to be truly American. Pew specifically asked about Christianity as nearly 71 percent of the U.S. population identified as Christian in 2014, according to the report.

It followed speaking English (92 percent), sharing American customs and traditions (84 percent) and having been born in the U.S. (55 percent), according to Pew.

But some groups saw Christianity as more important than others. White evangelical Protestants were most likely (57 percent) to view Christianity as very important to American identity, followed by all those who said religion was very important personally (51 percent).

There were also divides by age, gender and, notably, political affiliations. More than 4 in 10 Republicans (43 percent) said Christianity is a very important part of being American, compared with 29 percent of Democrats and 26 percent of independents.

Relatively few say religion essential to national identity. Graphic courtesy of Pew Research Center

Relatively few say religion essential to national identity. Graphic courtesy of Pew Research Center

Among the 13 countries Pew asked whether Christianity or Catholicism was important to nationality (based on the most popular expression of religion in each country), a median 15 percent said it was very important to be a “true national,” according to the report.

That connection with religion was strongest in Greece (54 percent) and weakest in Sweden (7 percent).

The margin of error in Pew surveys varies by country but is 3.4 percentage points in the United States, according to Pew. Researchers surveyed 1,003 Americans by phone.

About the author

Emily McFarlan Miller

Emily McFarlan Miller is a national reporter for RNS based in Chicago. She covers evangelical and mainline Protestant Christianity.

14 Comments

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  • Wow. It’s not “nearly one-third of Americans view being a Christian as “very important” for being “truly American.” It’s some number among white evangelical Christians — a very much smaller group. You would obviously get different results from one-third of all Americans.

  • According to my Bible, all nations have drunk from the cup of God’s wrath. Being a good citizen of any country is fine, but it won’t buy you any gold stars come the Judgement.

  • According to your bible, are there separate countries in heaven? Do you end up in the heaven version of your country? If not, which country is heaven most like? I’ll bet it’s like Canada.

  • The notion any country can have a religion is absurd. The notion religion should be codified in civil law is fascism.

  • You’ve been listening to too much hate radio. Like that nonsense that Manchester, England has “No-Go Zones” that that poor ass Bobby Jindahl bought into. Most Muslims are just regular people. Groups like ISIS are to them what the Ku Klux Klan is to us.

  • “Nearly one-third of Americans view being a Christian as “very important” for being “truly American”

    This is more chilling than the author seems to let on to. This would mean we have 1/3rd of Americans who equate their citizenship with their personal religious belief. It means a sizable number of people have no respect for religious freedom or beliefs beyond their own.

  • Christianity is incompatible with contemporary US ideology. This applies to both our international (war) agenda, and our appalling treatment of our poor. One can’t be a follower of Christ — a Christian — while rejecting Christ’s teachings.

  • When I was growing up, we were warned that it was “the Commies” who were taking over the world…

  • But they disagree with the teachings of Christ — all that stuff about working hard for peace, aiding the poor, welcoming those from distant lands. A people, a nation, is defined by its policies.

  • That is only assuming the various end runs and excuses Christians give for malicious and indifferent behavior are a bug of Christianity and not a feature.

    The actual number of Christians and sects which follow all that, “working hard for peace, aiding the poor, welcoming those from distant lands” are the frequently put upon minority of the faith, not the mainstream.

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