(RNS) For the first time, a majority of Americans has voiced concern about violence against Jews, polling by the Anti-Defamation League shows.
While 52 percent of Americans surveyed said they are disturbed about such violence, an even higher percentage – 76 percent – said they are concerned about violence against Muslims.
The ADL commissioned two surveys to determine the mood of the country, one in October 2016 and another from January through February, as part of its ADL Global 100 project.
It found that more than 8 in 10 Americans — 84 percent — say it is important for government to be involved in combating anti-Semitism, an increase from 70 percent in 2014.
“The good news in this research is that today a large majority of Americans do not subscribe to common anti-Semitic stereotypes,” said ADL CEO Jonathan A. Greenblatt. “It’s also encouraging that a record number of Americans are concerned about violence against the Jewish and Muslim communities, and are troubled at how intolerance has infected our politics.”
The survey found a slight increase in Americans with anti-Semitic views, totaling 14 percent of the population. That figure, which was 12 percent in 2013, is based on responses to 11 questions that might indicate “anti-Semitic propensities.”
In a separate question, 30 percent of Americans said they believed that “Jews were responsible for the death of Christ,” an increase from 25 percent in 2013.
Researchers found that most Americans do not view President Trump as personally anti-Semitic but almost half (49 percent) said he should have done more to discourage anti-Semitism during the presidential campaign.
In July, then-candidate Trump tweeted a faux newsmagazine cover showing a photo of Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton against a backdrop of hundred-dollar bills. On the right, in a red, six-pointed star, were the words “Most Corrupt Candidate Ever!” He later deleted the tweet after an uproar over the star, which was seen as an anti-Semitic use of the Star of David.
Many Jewish groups were also alarmed at Trump’s refusal during the campaign to call out David Duke and other white supremacists who spread anti-Jewish hatred.
More than two-thirds (68 percent) of Americans said they believed rhetoric in the 2016 campaign decreased tolerance and a respect for people of all religions and races.
For the first time, the ADL looked at the attitudes of U.S. Muslims about Jews and their own place in American society. About a third (34 percent) were found to hold anti-Semitic views, compared with 55 percent of Muslims in Europe and 75 percent of Muslims in the Middle East and North Africa.
The vast majority of Muslim Americans (89 percent) are concerned about violence directed at them and U.S. Muslim institutions and 64 percent said they don’t believe the government is doing enough to keep them safe. While 72 percent said they don’t believe they need to hide their faith, 66 percent said they feel less safe since Trump’s election.
The new president has signed two executive orders banning nationals of seven — later six — Muslim-majority nations from visiting the U.S. Judges blocked both orders. His chief strategist, former Breitbart executive Steve Bannon, has long argued that Americans are in a war with radical Islam.
- Fifty-nine percent of Americans say Trump is anti-Muslim, 54 percent say he holds racist views, and 53 percent say he is anti-Latino.
- More than half (53 percent) believe the U.S. has a moral obligation to permit more Muslim refugees to enter the country because of threats they face in their native countries, compared with 34 percent who say the nation has no such obligation.
The polls are based on 3,600 U.S. interviews early this year and another 1,500 interviews in October. The October survey had an overall margin of error of plus or minus 3 percentage points. The 2017 interviews had a margin of error for the U.S. general population of plus or minus 1.6 percentage points, and for U.S. Muslims plus or minus 3 percentage points.