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Sioux tribe receives land from South Dakota Jesuits

The Rosebud Sioux Indian Reservation, highlighted in red, in south-central South Dakota. Five hundred acres will be returned to the Rosebud Sioux tribe in the general area. Map courtesy of Google

(RNS) A tribe of Sioux is going back to the land — or rather, the land is going back to the tribe.

The Jesuit-run St. Francis Mission, which serves the Lakota peoples in south-central South Dakota, announced it will return about 500 acres to the Rosebud Sioux tribe, a band of Lakotas with a reservation in the same area.

The land was given to the Jesuits in the 19th century by the U.S. government. It is in multiple parcels across several counties and includes some now-closed churches and other church structures.

“It’s now time to give back to the tribe all of those pieces of land that were given to the church for church purposes,” the Rev. John Hatcher, president of St. Francis Mission, said in a YouTube video. “We will never again put churches on those little parcels of land. But it’s an opportunity to return land that rightly belongs to the Lakota people.”

The Society of Jesus, commonly known as the Jesuits, has made reparations to other minority groups before. Last month, Georgetown University, a Jesuit school, apologized for owning and selling slaves.

“I think it is an important gesture on our part which sort of  says  … we are out of, in a certain sense, a colonial approach to the work of mission,” Hatcher added. “We want an adult relationship with the people of the Rosebud.”

Harold Compton, deputy executive director of Tribal Land Enterprises, the Rosebud Sioux’s land management corporation, estimated the land may be worth as much as $2,000 per acre. But that is not the real importance of the return.

“It’s the symbolism of returning,” Compton told Catholic News Service. “This land was categorically reserved by the government for the church’s use. So, the church returning this to the tribe is a plus for everybody.”

About the author

Kimberly Winston

Kimberly Winston is a freelance religion reporter based in the San Francisco Bay Area.


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  • A fine but largely symbolic gesture. I’m sure the tribe is gratified to receive the parcels, though as noted, 500 scattered acres at 2000 dollars an acre is hardly a substantive remittance. Still, I’m encouraged by one statement made by Father Hatcher, “We want an adult relationship with the people of the Rosebud.”

  • This is a positive development, but I would like the title to refer to the intention of the event and historical reality: “South Dakota Jesuits return land to Sioux Tribe.” The current title makes it sound like a favor is being done to the Sioux tribe. I know that is not the intention of the Jesuits.