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Tennessee woman baptized by sheriff’s deputy after traffic stop found dead

A federal judge ruled that a coerced baptism violated the First Amendment.

Photo by Yoann Boyer/Unsplash/Creative Commons

(RNS) — A week after a federal judge ruled that a lawsuit could go forward against two former sheriff’s deputies for baptizing a woman in a lake after a traffic stop, the woman has been found dead.

The Tennessee Bureau of Investigation told a Chattanooga television station that the body of Shandele Marie Riley, 42, was found in Soddy-Daisy, Tennessee. Riley’s first name is listed as Shandle in the lawsuit, and it could not be immediately determined which spelling is correct.

Authorities are reportedly awaiting results of an autopsy. 

The baptism, said U.S. District Judge Travis McDonough of the East District of Tennessee, violated the First Amendment. “Any reasonable officer would have recognized that coerced participation in a Christian baptism — an overtly religious act with no secular purpose — was unlawful,” McDonough ruled in early April.

The ruling, first reported by The Chattanoogan and Courthouse News Service, stems from an incident in February 2019, when Hamilton County sheriff’s Deputy Daniel Wilkey pulled Riley over outside her ex-mother-in-law’s house. During the traffic stop, according to court documents, Riley admitted she had a “marijuana roach in her cigarette pack.”

After Wilkey searched the car and found the marijuana, he offered Riley a choice: She could be arrested or get baptized. If she chose baptism, Wilkey would give her a citation but not take her to jail. He promised he would also speak on her behalf in court.


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Riley went along because Wilkey was a “God-fearing, church like-man,” according to the judge’s ruling.

When the two went into her ex-mother-in law’s house to get a towel for the baptism, according to court documents, Riley told her ex-mother-in-law, “I guess I’m fixing to get baptized.”

The two were met at a nearby lake by another deputy, Jacob Goforth, whom Wilkey had called to ask him to witness the baptism. Wilkey didn’t tell Goforth about the traffic stop initially, the ruling said, but even after Goforth learned Wilkey had cited Riley for possession of marijuana, he did not stop the baptism.

Deputies Daniel Wilkey, left, and Jacob Goforth, right. Photos courtesy Hamilton Co. Sheriff's Office

Former deputies Daniel Wilkey, left, and Jacob Goforth, right. Photos courtesy of Hamilton County Sheriff’s Office

Instead, Wilkey stripped down to his underwear and T-shirt and waded into the water, and Riley, fully clothed, followed. Wilkey baptized her by immersion as Goforth filmed the event on his cellphone.

Gorforth later said that he filmed the event “to protect all persons present and document the event,” according to court documents.

After the baptism, Wilkey and Riley hugged for a few seconds and she left.

Riley later claimed that Goforth smirked at her — something he denies — and said she felt the baptism was wrong. The event had nothing to do with saving her soul, she said, but instead was about “power and control.”

Riley initially pleaded guilty to possession of a controlled substance but the charges were dismissed. She eventually sued the two deputies, alleging that they had violated her freedom of religion, that they had failed to protect her and that the search of her car had been unreasonable. She also accused them of battery, assault and intentional infliction of emotional distress.

Wilkey, according to news reports, faces at least five federal lawsuits and has been indicted on 44 counts of alleged criminal conduct. The Chattanooga Times Free Press has reported that Wilkey and Goforth are no longer deputies.  

The judge rejected several of Riley’s claims, including the allegation that the two deputies had conspired to baptize her, but also rejected Goforth’s claim that the baptism had been voluntary. “No government interest is furthered by the baptism of a detainee by an on-duty law-enforcement officer,” McDonough wrote. 

Furthermore, Goforth had a duty to intervene to stop it, the judge wrote.

“And a reasonable jury could conclude that Goforth had both notice of the violation and an opportunity to stop the baptism. Accordingly, Goforth is not entitled to summary judgment on Riley’s First Amendment claim,” the judge ruled.


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