(RNS) World powers and Iran reached a historic deal Tuesday (July 14) to end economic sanctions against Iran in exchange for sharp restrictions on its nuclear program. Most of the immediate reaction to the deal came from Jewish groups, with its largest religious stream -- the Reform movement -- taking an open-minded approach. Other mainstream Jewish groups, along with evangelical Christians, blasted the deal as dangerous for Israel and naive in its willingness to trust Iran:
"We are deeply disappointed by the terms of the final deal with Iran announced today which seem to fall far short of the President’s objective of preventing Iran from becoming a nuclear weapon state. The thrust of the deal relies entirely on Iran’s good faith and the ability of the International Atomic Energy Agency to effectively carry out its inspection obligations."
Christians United for Israel
“From, what we now know the Iran deal is unacceptable and poses a threat to the United States, Israel and all of Western civilization. The overwhelming majority of Americans do not support appeasing Iran and we expect Congress to reflect that position. ... It is not in the interest of the United States, Israel or any free nation.”
Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America
"The nation’s largest Orthodox Jewish umbrella organization is gravely concerned about the nuclear deal with Iran announced today, which concludes years of negotiations between the United States and its Western allies and Iran."
“The agreement on the Iranian nuclear program is viewed in a positive light by the Holy See,” said the Rev. Federico Lombardi, Vatican spokesman.
Reform Jewish Community (including the Union for Reform Judaism, the Central Conference of American Rabbis and the Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism)
"In the coming days and weeks, we will go back to our trusted experts and continue to consult with our constituencies to better understand the consequences of this proposed agreement."
The American Center for Law & Justice (which represents the family of American Pastor Saeed Abedini)
“It is unconscionable that the Obama Administration would sign a deal with Iran without securing the freedom of Pastor Saeed who has been imprisoned for nearly three years simply because of his Christian faith," said Jay Sekulow, the ACLJ's chief counsel.
National Jewish Democratic Council
"In order to truly determine whether or not this deal is what we need and want it to be, we call on the entire community to take the necessary time to read and review the details of the agreement."
Republican Jewish Coalition
"This deal meets zero of the criteria for a good deal -- it is not enforceable, verifiable, or in America's national security interest. Unless Congress stops it, the world will be less safe as the United States will remove sanctions on Iran, and in return, Iran will still pursue nuclear weapons."
Zionist Organization of America
“For the U.S., Israel and the world the deal paves the way to provide nuclear weapons to Khamenei, the Hitler of the Mideast, and hundreds of billions of dollars to Iran, the Nazi Germany of the Mideast, enabling them to fund, arm, and increase Islamic terrorism throughout the world," wrote Mort Klein, ZOA president.
Jewish Voice for Peace
“This opportunity for the diplomatic process to succeed in avoiding war with Iran is too important to discard over partisan politics. This is a strong deal and we urge our elected leaders to vote in favor of the agreement when it comes before Congress," said Rabbi Joseph Berman, the group's government affairs liaison.
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