Israelis in Tel Aviv, Israel, walk next to a display with a photo of U.S. President Trump ahead of his speech Dec. 6, 2017. Defying dire, worldwide warnings, Trump on Wednesday broke with decades of U.S. and international policy by recognizing Jerusalem as Israel's capital. (AP Photo/Oded Balilty)

Cheers, rage and shrugs after Trump recognizes Jerusalem as Israel’s capital

JERUSALEM (RNS) – Avihu Mizrachi Minagen generally steers clear of politics, but he applauded President Trump's vow to move the U.S. Embassy to Israel from Tel Aviv and his declaration that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.

“I think it’s wonderful because it strengthens Jews’ historical, cultural and religious claims to Jerusalem at a time when Muslims are trying to deny then,” Minagen said in the men’s shoe store his family has run in the heart of West Jerusalem for the past 86 years – 17 years longer than Israel has been a country.

Trump made his announcement on Wednesday (Dec. 6), ignoring pressure from world leaders who said the move would further incite an already volatile region and make it harder to restart peace talks between Israelis and Palestinians.

Among Israel's large non-Jewish population — the 19 percent that is predominantly Muslim but also includes Christians and Druze — the response was decidedly negative.

Minhagen's reaction was common among Jews in Israel — to many of them the declaration recognizes what has been true for thousands of years.

“The roots of the Jewish people are right here,” Minagen said, gazing to the east. “The Western Wall, the Temple Mount. I’m glad the American president acknowledges this.”

That acknowledgment, which Trump delivered in a speech from the White House, has spurred a wave of speculation about its political and religious ramifications.

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Trump called the planned relocation of the U.S. Embassy “a long overdue step to advance the peace process.” The relocation follows approval from both the House and the Senate.

And while the move divides American Jews, who mostly threw their support to Hillary Clinton in the 2016 election, it thrills white American evangelical Christians — the core of Trump's base — who have long lobbied for the change.

The U.S has never before recognized either Israeli or Palestinian sovereignty over any part of Jerusalem, which the United Nations envisioned as an international city. After Arab armies attacked the fledgling Jewish state in 1948, Israel seized control over West Jerusalem while Jordan seized control over East Jerusalem. In 1967, after the Middle East war, Israel extended its control over East Jerusalem, which the Palestinians claim as the capital of a future Palestinian state.

David Rosen, an Orthodox rabbi who is the international director of interreligious affairs for the American Jewish Committee, expressed doubt that Trump's directive will change the religious status quo in Jerusalem. “Israel is already in control of Jerusalem and has done its best to maintain the principle of freedom of access for all religions.”

But Muslim leaders and Islamist groups warned of more discord and violence.

  • Palestinians throughout the West Bank and Gaza held demonstrations, burning Israeli and U.S. flags on Wednesday as part of the three "Days of Rage" organized by Palestinian factions.
  • Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened to cut already strained diplomatic ties with Israel. Recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital is “a red line” for Muslims around the world, Erdogan said.
  • Hamas, the Islamist group that rules the Gaza Strip and which the U.S. has classified a terrorist organization, said the declaration would be “a blatant aggression against the holy city.”
  • The head of a Muslim seminary in Egypt promised that “the gates of hell will open on the west if it moves its embassy to Jerusalem,” according to Zamnpress.

Meanwhile, Jews around the world debated whether the U.S. declaration of sovereignty and the embassy’s relocation was a good thing or a bad thing.

Israeli President Reuven Rivlin called Trump’s speech “a landmark in the recognition of the right of the Jewish people to our land, and a milestone on our road to peace — peace for all the residents of Jerusalem, and the whole region.”

In contrast, the U.S.-based Reform movement, the largest stream of Judaism in the U.S., called Trump’s announcement “ill timed.”

“It affirms what the Reform Jewish Movement has long held: that Jerusalem is the eternal capital of the Jewish people and the State of Israel. Yet … we cannot support his decision to begin preparing the move now, absent a comprehensive plan for a peace process.”

Any relocation of the American Embassy “should be conceived and executed in the broader context reflecting Jerusalem’s status as a city holy to Jewish, Christians and Muslims alike,” its statement continued.

As for the Holy Land’s Christians, in a letter to Trump, patriarchs and bishops expressed their hope that the U.S. “will continue recognizing the present international status of Jerusalem. Any sudden changes would cause irreparable harm.”

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The Christian leaders predicted that Trump’s actions will lead to “increased hatred, conflict, violence and suffering in Jerusalem and the Holy Land, moving us farther from the goal of unity and deeper toward destructive division.”

Thabet Abu Rass, the Muslim co-director of the Abraham Fund Initiatives, which strives for Arab and Jewish equality, called the announcement “a historic mistake."

“Jerusalem isn’t just a religious city. It is a symbol of statehood for Palestinians. This move will only inflame Arab-Jewish relations,” he predicted.

Despite the historic announcement, the streets of Jerusalem were almost empty Wednesday night as a cold rain and strong winds kept most people indoors.

Boaz Marcus, a Jewish city resident and marketing executive, said he was unmoved by Trump’s announcement. “It doesn’t make a difference for me,” said Marcus, who is secular, “but I imagine that religious people have more decisive feelings.”

Marcus said that the city “is already largely divided” between Jewish West Jerusalem and Arab East Jerusalem and that the president’s words won’t make any difference.
“In the end it’s what people do, not what they say.”

Ahmed Muami, a Muslim carpenter from East Jerusalem, expressed fears that the Israeli government will try to wrest control of Haram al-Sharif – what Jews call the Temple Mount – from the Jordanian Muslim trust that administers it.

“Now that America says that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel, who will try to stop Israel from doing this?” he asked.

Last year a wave of Palestinian violence spread across Israel, and especially in Jerusalem, amid rumors that Israel was taking steps to destroy the mosque.

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Yossi Hadad, the owner of a jewelry store in the city center, said Trump only confirmed what he and other Jews have been saying all along.

“The Torah, Jewish texts and archaeological excavations all come to the same conclusion: that Jerusalem is a Jewish city. All we seek is that acknowledgment, with the understanding that Muslims and Christians belong here, too.”


  1. Does recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel really change the status quo? It is still the site of Christian religious sites, Muslim religious sites, each still allowed to continue on as the same. All that is happening is the US embassy will move there. Has there been any power change? This is symbolic for the most part. Everyone getting their panties in a bunch are those who have no wherewithal of the situation. Let us see where this goes instead of people getting enraged. Israel is able to live in peace when her enemies leave her alone. Not lets see if they can control themselves.

  2. Jerusalem is Islam’s third most holiest City. The first two, Mecca and Medina do not allow Jews, Christians, or any other non-Muslims to enter. Could you imagine the outrage if Jews played that game with their holiest City of Jerusalem? The banner of Islam already flies over the West Bank–the biblical birthplace of David, Solomon, and Jesus. Does anyone have a balanced scale?

  3. For over two decades, American presidents have talked the good talk on Israel. But when it’s come to taking action, they’ve hesitated and kicked the can down the road, instead of standing with our ally and recognizing its right to call Jerusalem its capital.

    Today, President Donald Trump did what his predecessors didn’t have the courage to do: recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital city. In so doing, he set two great examples for us—how to make good on promises and how to treat your friends.

    — Mike Huckabee

  4. Hang on to your hats folks……………..Evangelicals must have their faux Armageddon. And the Wizard behind the curtain is about to give it to them.
    Maybe all those ‘preppers’ will be vindicated. 🙂

  5. The US has been timid and weak in the Middle East because of our dependence on oil. Any US policy change in the area will bring screams of complaint and threats of demonstrations and violence. The Middle East is now dominated by a 1,400-year-old religious dispute lead by the Iranians on one side and the Saudis on the other, two terrorist states with no interest in our well-being. In the same way that a blind squirrel can sometimes find his nuts, Trump has blundered into a useful policy change that reflects the new reality of the Middle East, an area in which we are less and less dependent.

  6. This was not courage. It was a political gift to two of his bases. It changed nothing except to make peace and embassy workers’ commutes more difficult.

  7. People are already enraged. You’re right, it’s symbolic. But my underwear is fine (and male), and I have a pretty good handle on the situation, having been to Israel many times, living in actual neighborhoods, not tourist hotels, and having many friends who live there and report on what’s going on. There was nothing wrong with the status quo. In fact it was one of the few stable points in the entire scenario. Trump destroyed it for political gain.

  8. The photograph above is making a sly joke. It says “Jerusalem of Trump.” But there is a popular Israeli song called “Jerusalem of Gold,” which talks about the eternal holiness of the city. By picturing him next to the gilded Dome of the Rock, it is saying what we’re all thinking: this embassy will look like the Taj Mahal (the failed one Trump ran into the ground in Atlantic City, not the good one).

  9. we, do not need to please anyone but ELOHEEM. for displeasing ELOHEEM, only results in more commanded physical pestilence, plague, and famine. so if you like your cancer plague, you can keep your cancer and other plagues.

    muslims, enraged??? when, have they not been enraged? even if they, must invent a fictional reason to be self-enraged. of course they, do not like it when they do not get their way for world domination.

    it, does not matter when we move the embassy. muslims, are not going to like it. might as well get, it over with now.

    when their religion of peace, is not busy murdering christians, jews, buddhists, hindus, atheists, or pagans their religion of peace is murdering each other.

    robbery, theft, kidnapping, rape, extortion, intimidation, conspiracy, murder, war is in their normal habitat.

  10. Trump and his political ‘courage,’ are making awesome grounds for World War III. Why not just let it be a shared city of multiple faiths?

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