Ben Torrey holds his hand over a map of the Korean peninsula while explaining a shrine at the convergence of Korea's three main watersheds. The American missionary aims to prepare South Korean youth for the peninsula’s eventual reunification. RNS photo by Alan Mittelstaedt.

In leery South Korea, American missionary couple works for reunification of North and South

TAEBAEK, South Korea (RNS) — This could have been the quietest place in all of South Korea. But as American missionary Elizabeth Torrey leads a group of high school students up a rocky mountain road, their chatter and footsteps in the melting snow sharply pierce the silence. The town of Taebaek, three hours southeast of Seoul, slowly disappears in the distance, taking any trace of civilization with it.

They come up here to a mountain plateau to pray for Korean reunification. In making such prayers, they're as far removed from the mindsets of most young South Koreans as this remote location suggests. But the Torrey family of missionaries is convinced God is leading them to educate the "unification generation."

“This land, this undivided land, is your inheritance,” Elizabeth Torrey tells her students during the prayer session. “And your prayers of your heart matter to see that happen.”

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It's apt to be an uphill climb. Most young adults in this country reject the idea of reuniting with North Korea, which has been a separate country since long before they were born. Seventy-one percent of South Koreans in their 20s oppose reunification, according to a survey released last year by the Korea Institute for National Unification, a government-sponsored think tank. That's higher than across the nation as a whole: 58 percent still want reunification, though that number is down from 69 percent four years ago.

Young South Koreans might want peace and denuclearization, but not reunification, which they fear would bring costly economic repercussions for their country.

Kyung Min, center, discusses Korean reunification with his school peers at the River of Life School near Taebaek, South Korea. RNS photo by Alan Mittelstaedt

 This image is available for web and print publication. For questions, contact Sally Morrow.

“For the old generation, the divided Korea is abnormal, and the unified Korea is the normal state,” says Sang Sin Lee, a researcher at the Korea Institute for National Unification. “But for the younger generation, it’s the normal state. So for them, reunification is maybe unnecessary. To them, it’s a risk.”

But the minority who crave reconciliation have found in Elizabeth Torrey and her husband, Ben, partners who believe God's plan calls for a reunited Korea.

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Having grown up in South Korea in a missionary family, Ben Torrey says, he moved his family back to Korea from Connecticut in 2005 after he heard God speak to him during prayer. The message, as he recalls it: North Korea would be opening to the world soon, but the South Korean church wasn't ready.

Ben Torrey sits in his Jesus Abbey office near Taebaek, South Korea, where he orchestrates his strategy of preparing South Korean youth for Korean reunification. RNS photo by Alan Mittelstaedt

 This image is available for web and print publication. For questions, contact Sally Morrow.

Ben Torrey now feels called to do his part in what he believes is God's grand plan.  Reunification could facilitate "a new era of missions," he says, "carrying the gospel along with renewed Chinese and Japanese churches through Muslim lands back to Jerusalem."

International hopes for a less tense, more stable and possibly reunified Korean Peninsula rose recently when North Korean leader Kim Jong Un shattered expectations by visiting South Korea for historic denuclearization talks in April. Though South Koreans remain skeptical, the Torreys hope an act of God will open their hearts to reunification prospects.

A grandson of American evangelist Reuben Archer Torrey, Ben Torrey has deep ties to ministry efforts on the Korean Peninsula. In 1965, his father, Reuben Archer Torrey III, founded Jesus Abbey, a nondenominational Christian community where about 30 people live in the isolated Taebeck Mountains and host retreats. Ben Torrey is a bishop in the Syro-Chaldean Church of North America, which describes itself as Evangelical Apostolic, and he works closely with South Korea's charismatic communities.

Today, Ben and Elizabeth Torrey run a school, River of Life, for children in the Christian community and surrounding area. Parents appreciate how children are given an alternative to South Korea's hypercompetitive education system, according to Ben Torrey.

“We focus on teaching kids not to memorize, but to think,” he says.

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Those with a Christian faith also learn to pray. With their students, the Torreys use a makeshift shrine to pray to Ju-yo, the Lord, for reconciliation and reunification. Learning to think in new ways will be necessary, some say, if young people are going to embrace reunification. That's because old ways of convincing people don't work anymore.

“The South and North Korean governments used to persuade the population that we have to reunify because we are one nation,” Lee says. But nationalism as a motivator for reunification doesn’t seem to work with younger South Koreans. “We need a new way to persuade people, to make them understand why a divided Korea is abnormal.”

Ben Torrey tries to follow those instructions to reverse this trend, one student at a time. To him, it’s about moving the issue from a textbook chapter to a personal experience. As often as he can, he arranges visits between his students and North Korean defectors living and studying in the South. It seems to work, at least sometimes.

The River of Life School students assemble around a shrine that marks the meeting point of Korea’s three main watersheds. RNS photo by Alan Mittelstaedt

 This image is available for web and print publication. For questions, contact Sally Morrow.

“I went to a public elementary and middle school. In that school, at least once a year, we talked about reunification, but it was just something in the textbook, nothing that comes alive,” says Jin-soo (his first name), one of the students at River of Life School. He spoke through a translator. “But when I had a chance to meet other North Korean students personally, I began thinking from their perspective. They are the same as I am.”

Jin-soo, who lives with his parents at Jesus Abbey, says it took him about a year to reverse his attitudes on reunification. Not all of his peers agree that reunification would be wise.

“When I meet someone who expresses a negative view about reunification, this negative opinion is so much stronger,” says Min-ha (his first name), a school student who used to live with his parents at Jesus Abbey before the family moved to a house in Taebaek. “I don’t really have any strong arguments to counter that. I find myself speechless.”

In many ways, Ben Torrey is going against the odds – an increasingly detached South Korean public and a tension-heavy relationship between the two countries he hopes to see reunified. On top of that, he says the deeply divided South Korean church, large parts of which still take a firmly anti-communist and anti-North Korean stance, needs to unify before North Korea can be opened at all.

How does he plan to overcome all those divisions?

“I don’t,” he says with a laugh. “God has to do it. It has to be a miracle.”


  1. Am I the only one getting a “Amerisplaining” sort of vibe to the Mr. Torrey’s position here?

  2. 1ST UH-OH: “The Torreys [Ben and Elizabeth Torrey] use a makeshift shrine to pray to Ju-yo, the Lord, for reconciliation and reunification.” The Lord in Korean is Yeongju, so who is “Ju-yo”?!

    2ND UH-OH: “[According to] young South Koreans … reunification [with North Koreans] … would bring costly economic repercussions for their country. … Reunification is maybe unnecessary. To them, it’s a risk.” So it’s inexpensive, necessary and risk-free, then?

    3RD UH-OH: “If the present church [in South Korea], with all its competition and corruption, goes into the North, I fear people will be prevented from meeting Jesus Christ. And the materialism of South Korea could be devastating to the North,” said Ben Torrey, to Won Maroo, “Reconciling a Divided Korea: An Interview with Ben Torrey”, Plough Quarterly Magazine, August 25, 2015. But “the Toreys” are part and parcel of their South Korean Church, “with all its competition and corruption … [and] materialism”, are they not?

  3. Not just you.

    Something about the way it talks about the mission work is rubbing me wrongly. I’ve known South Korean Christians. According to the stats on Wikipedia, South Korea is estimated to be about 25% Christian, too (when you combine Protestant and Catholic)—and that’s more of the population than any other religion. For some reason my gut’s saying that’s pertinent to why it’s bothering me.

    “Amerisplaining” seems a good way to summarize it, though. Good call.

  4. I learned 3 new words today – yaay!

    If “‘MANSPLAINING’ … is when a dude patronizingly explains something to a woman, often concerning a subject about which she knows more than he does (like rape culture, workplace discrimination, etc.)”;

    And if “WHITESPLAINING [is a] white person explain[ing] racism to black person”;

    Then “AMERI-SPLAINING [is] when American leaders like [Bill] Clinton and Barack Obama (and not a few ordinary citizens) pretentiously declaim our nation’s supposed exceptionalism to people in countries that do a better job than we do.”

    Source: Ted Rall, “Thanks to Trump, no more ‘Ameri-splaining’”, Japan Times, December 9, 2016.

  5. The key is “Ben Torrey is a bishop in the Syro-Chaldean Church of North America, which describes itself as Evangelical Apostolic ….”, which means Ariza Kasumov for some reason decided to write about a tiny sect with fringe beliefs.

  6. As long as reunification doesn’t destroy K-Pop, I’m all for it.

  7. You are right. Nobody can accuse Trump of doing anything better than other people. His incompetence, especially in foreign affairs is obvious to all.

    Japan’s Prime Minister Abe has been playing Trump like Eddie Van Halen on an electric guitar. Using flattery and holding his nose to get concessions from the US.

  8. Ameri-splaining is bad enough, but putting an end to it is actually much worse when Trump does it. Ted Rall, in that article, “Thanks to Trump, no more ‘Ameri-splaining’”, Japan Times, December 9, 2016, points that out to me very well.

  9. On the other hand, since reunification might just put an end to the booming facial surgery in South Korea, it may be a godsend after all.

    (Spuddie taught me Amerisplaining yesterday. Today I learned a new vocabulary from you: K-Pop. Google-Imaged it – eww Cringe Galore, dude. Thanks the both of youse!)

  10. Rants about how ‘racist’ America and the majority of its voters are for wanting a border wall and an end to unfettered immigration from S and C America.

    Then links to a major newspaper of a country that allowed something like a grand total of thirty ‘refugees’ from the Mid East in 2015.

  11. How dishonest of you to claim the majority of voters wanted a useless border wall. They did not. Trump did not get a majority vote. Of course bigotry is inherent to your hostility to immigration from Latin America. Demonizing people from there under the banner of “immigration issues” is the last outright racist platform one has these days which is still socially acceptable.

    Nobody is asking for “unfettered” immigration. Only sane policies concerning it. Right wing fools always resort to “open borders” nonsense when they don’t want to address counter arguments and want a straw man position to oppose.

    Since I don’t speak wingnut, I will disregard your last paragraph as trying to bring up a point but failing to substantiate what it was supposed to be.

    You didn’t read the linked article anyway. Your comments have no relation to the points bring made by it.

  12. See also J-Pop, T-Pop, and HK-Pop (especially Jackie Chan’s attempt at it)

  13. Please correct the false claim in your article ” Seventy-one percent of South Koreans in their 20s oppose reunification, according to a survey released last year by the Korea Institute for National Unification, ”

    With reference to the KINU article on 23/06/2017, Findings and Implications of Survey into People’s Perception on Unification, link:, The study is conducted on two questions of the “necessity for unification” & ““unification is not needed if South Korea and North Korea can co-exist peacefully without a war”. This by NO MEANS indicate opposition to the idea of ending the current status of division – that is economically and politically damaging to both countries not to mention the cruelty and injustice the division is founded upon.

    Please make an appropriate correction asap, as that claim can mislead non-koreans without in-dept understanding about this issue.

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