Pakistanis block a road during a protest against the acquittal of Asia Bibi, a Pakistani Christian woman who was facing blasphemy charges, in Lahore, Pakistan, on Jan. 29, 2019. Pakistan's top court on Tuesday upheld its acquittal of Bibi. Radical Islamists protesters were stymied by sweeping arrests and the deployment of a small army of police and paramilitary Rangers outside the Supreme Court in the capital, Islamabad. (AP Photo/K.M. Chaudary)

Asia Bibi free to leave Pakistan after court dismisses challenge to her acquittal

LAHORE, Pakistan (RNS) — Pakistan's Supreme Court has dismissed a petition by Islamists to overturn the acquittal of Asia Bibi, a Christian woman previously convicted of blasphemy, freeing her to leave the country and join her daughters in Canada.

In the ruling Tuesday (Jan. 29), Chief Justice Asif Saeed Khosa said the petitioners led by a village cleric failed to point out any mistake in the court’s October 2018 judgment exonerating Bibi.

Instead, the chief justice pointed out discrepancies in testimony by the opposing side.

“There is a clear difference between the testimonies of all the witnesses, and yet you block all of Pakistan and question why you did not get your way,” he said during a hearing.

Bibi was first accused of blasphemy against the Prophet Muhammad in June 2009 during an argument with Muslim women over a glass of water. In November 2010, she was convicted and sentenced to death.

On Oct. 31, the Supreme Court set aside the conviction and acquitted her.

While Bibi’s acquittal was a win for minorities in the Muslim-majority country, particularly Christians, the judgment led to countrywide protests by radical Islamic parties led by Khadim Hussain Rizvi, leader of the Tehreek-e-Labbaik group.

The party demanded the court overturn Bibi's acquittal and sentence her to death by hanging.

Ashraf Asim Jalali, second from left, a leader of Pakistan’s far-right Islamist political party, Tehreek-e-Labbaik, addresses a news conference regarding the acquittal of Asia Bibi, in Lahore, Pakistan, on Nov. 8, 2018. The Christian woman, acquitted after eight years on death row in Pakistan for blasphemy, was released but her whereabouts in Islamabad are a closely guarded secret in the wake of demands by radical Islamists that she be publicly executed. (AP Photo/K.M. Chaudary)

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Amid death threats to judges, calls of mutiny against the army chief and mob violence, the government agreed to prevent Bibi from leaving the country until a petition to the court to review the case was filed.

Bibi has been in hiding since her acquittal last fall. According to published reports, two of her daughters have left Pakistan for Canada and hope their mother can rejoin them there.

While Labbaik’s top leadership, including Rizvi, continues to be imprisoned after a crackdown against the group by the government, the party’s stand-in leader, Allama Shafiq Ameeni, said in a video statement Tuesday that he rejected the court’s decision to free Bibi.

“Prophet Muhammad, we apologize to you. We are ashamed today, that a blasphemer (Bibi) is alive in a country made in the name of Islam," he said. "The judges, the rulers, have caused great pain to the millions of lovers of the prophet.”

Ameeni called on supporters to take to the streets.

“I urge all my fellow Muslim brothers, especially the workers of Labbaik Pakistan, to come out of their homes in protest against this unfair decision,” he said.

There were no immediate mass protests by Islamists after the verdict was announced.

Meanwhile, Khosa, in a nod to the mob violence that followed the initial decision acquitting Bibi, challenged the Islamists in court.

“Are we liable to be murdered now that we have executed justice?” he said. “If a judge says a testimony can’t be trusted, that judge’s verdict is not acceptable to you because it is not in your favor?”

Many in Pakistan hailed the dismissal as a win for human rights.

“For the moderates, the acquittal of Asia means more respect for the judiciary and the human rights in Pakistan,” said Fouzia Saeed, a social activist based in Islamabad. “Now Asia needs to be where she feels safe. This is a complex case and there are complexities, as we all know, for her in living in Pakistan.”

Within the Christian community, which makes up about 2 percent of Pakistan’s 204 million people, there was a palpable sense of relief.

“Today is a day of rejoicing, come what may in the aftermath of this decision,” said Wilson Chowdhry, chairman of the British Pakistani Christian Association. “Bibi has always been innocent, and it is a blight on Pakistan that it took almost 10 years to come to this decision to free her. However, her freedom is a massive step in the advancement of equality and justice in Pakistan.”

In Pakistan, blasphemy against Islam is punishable by death, and a mere rumor or allegation is enough to end lives. In 2014, a mob of hundreds burned a Christian couple, Shama and Shahzad Masih, alive over rumors of blasphemy.

Both were brick kiln workers, and Shama, the mother of three, was pregnant.

In 2017, Mashal Khan, a Pashtun university student, was lynched by an angry mob at school over false allegations that he posted blasphemous content online.

According to the National Commission for Justice and Peace, 633 Muslims, 494 Ahmadi Muslims, 187 Christians and 21 Hindus have been charged under the blasphemy rules since 1987, when the country’s military leaders made the punishment for blasphemy punishable by death.

Meanwhile, Bibi’s case highlights the sufferings of Christians in the country, say community leaders.

In its recent ranking of the worst places to be Christian in 2019, the nonprofit Open Doors USA ranked Pakistan in fifth place. The organization noted that Pakistani Christians suffer from institutionalized discrimination and that occupations seen as low-class or dirty are officially reserved for Christians.

Open Doors also argued Pakistan’s blasphemy laws target religious minorities in general but affect the Christian minority in particular.

“Over 40 other blasphemy victims are languishing in Pakistani jails, of which close to 50 percent are Christian," said Chowdhry. "Pakistan’s harsh and draconian blasphemy laws need to be repealed and done away with.”

Still, some said the verdict undermines Pakistan's position as a Muslim country.

“This is a black day for Pakistan," said Munib Butt,  a 19-year-old Lahore-based student who is not part of Labbaik. "What are we telling the world? That even defaming Islam is all right in this Islamic country?”


  1. And one more time for the record: Islam’s stupidity has no bounds!!!!!!

  2. This is just further evidence that extreme fundamentalists cause more harm than good.

  3. A brave decision for justice in the face of organised fanaticism.

  4. Something positive happens in religion, and there are only three comments? I guess the problem is that it happened to a Christian, and therefore offers no opportunity to dump on Christianity. Alexandra gave it a try, though.

  5. Yep, no red flags here. I am glad she can get out. It’s tough to be a minority religion, especially in such a hostile place as Pakistan.

    I thought the fundamentalists Alexandra was referring to are the Muslims with their blasphemy law. Not the Christians.

  6. I hope that will ask Aysha Khan and not Naila Inayat to write this article. Why?

    Aysha Khan wears a hijab. Naila Inayat does not. Suppose that Aysha Khan were to write this article. It would tell us that somebody who wears a hijab is liberal enough to write this article—an article that shows Islam in a none-too-tolerant mood. To use the language of advertising, having a hijab-wearing woman write the article will change the “brand” of Muslims.

    Currently the “brand” of Muslims is poor. Consider a few articles that have appeared in in the last 30 days. [Ref 1] says that Muslims are misrepresented in film and TV. [Ref 2] explains what the hijab means. And the present article is about Muslims taking blasphemy seriously. None of these show Muslims as liberal intellectuals. That is to say, the brand of Muslims is that they are not liberal.

    In contrast, consider the “brand” of Sikh-Americans. In America, Sikh men stick out with their turbans. Just as Muslim women stick out with their hijabs, Sikh men stick out with their turbans. Yet a Sikh has written an article about Sikhs not throwing Muslims under the bus [Ref 3]. What a wonderful brand [Ref 3] has built up for Sikhs! You will have no doubt, after reading [Ref 3], that Sikhs are going to be liberal.

    Individual Muslims are not as illiberal as their brand is. Muslims get good grades (or marks) in school and college; they know left-wing buzzwords such as “intersectionality”; they make money on the stock market; they are competitive professionally; etc., etc. How, then, is it that the brand of Muslims is illiberal? I suggest the brand comes because of the editorial policy of newspapers and the slant of history textbooks.

    It is to change the brand of Muslims that I suggest the change above.

    Another possibility is to have a hijab-wearing Muslim woman give a reply to [Ref 3], saying, “Oh, sorry that you Sikhs are getting thrown under the bus on our account!”

    Still another possibility is to cover discussions like the one in the UAE [Ref 4]. Tolerant Muslims said it was OK to build a Hindu temple in the UAE, whereas a strict Muslims aid it was not OK. Ultimately the decision was in favor of constructing a Hindu temple.

    Without some investment in liberal Muslim intellectuals—without giving them a career path—the negative brand will not change.

    Ref 1

    Ref 2

    Ref 3

    Ref 4

  7. The biggest blasphemy is Islam itself. It purports to be a religion, but in fact it is a schizophrenic cult, with schizophrenic variations.

    For instance, in Saudi Arabia the trend was to not allow women to drive, (subsequently this has now been reversed). And each Islamic country seems to deems Islam as one thing, whilst another advocates it as something else. And the Sunnis and the Shiites do not agree with each other, but both advocate Islam as the answer for humanity, whilst at the same time killing each other in droves. (Stupidity and Islam go together).

    In relation to Asia Bibi, why does Islam not go forth and f**k itself, so that human beings are left alone to go about their business in peace. You have a lot of so called ‘Muslims’ going about as if they were ‘headless chickens’ and you have a lot of Mullahs pushing them to this extreme.

    At the same time, these Islamic countries are continually in disarray, with continuous migration into Europe etc. Let them lie in their own “vomit”, by banning Islamic migration, (but give those that are oppressed by them (such as Asia Bibi) the opportunity to live their lives in peace, by granting them this important outlet).

  8. Point of curiosity: do you include “Christian fundamentalists” in your stricture?

  9. >>In Pakistan, blasphemy against Islam is punishable by death, and a mere rumor or allegation is enough to end lives. In 2014, a mob of hundreds burned a Christian couple, Shama and Shahzad Masih, alive over rumors of blasphemy.
    In 2014, a mob of hundreds burned a Christian couple, Shama and Shahzad Masih, alive over rumors of blasphemy.<<

    In the Jewish and Christian religions, two or more witnesses are required. And even then they are not supposed to "mob up" when carrying out justice.

    Of course it would be expected some process of vetting would occur just to insure witnesses were not false:
    Deuteronomy 19:15
    “A single witness shall not suffice against a person for any crime or for any wrong in connection with any offense that he has committed. Only on the evidence of two witnesses or of three witnesses shall a charge be established.

    Deuteronomy 17:6
    On the evidence of two witnesses or of three witnesses the one who is to die shall be put to death; a person shall not be put to death on the evidence of one witness.

    2 Corinthians 13:1-2
    This is the third time I am coming to you. Every charge must be established by the evidence of two or three witnesses. (Paul here is reminding the congregation in their disputes they must acquire two or three witnesses and not just make claims).

  10. Yes. I believe that any type of extreme fundamentalism is dangerous.

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