Opinion Thomas Reese: Signs of the Times

Protecting the homeless in freezing weather

A man sleeps on a sculpture of a figure called 'Homeless Jesus' in front of the Archdiocese of Washington Catholic Charities offices in Washington, on Sept. 16, 2015. Photo by Jonathan Ernst/Reuters

“Nobody died” is a headline you will rarely see, but as far as I can find out, no one died of hypothermia during the recent cold emergency in the nation’s capital.

This success in keeping homeless people from freezing in cold weather is good news. It shows that when governments, churches, and other nonprofits work together, they can make a difference.

Washington is not the coldest place in America. People from the Upper Midwest think we are wimps when we complain of the cold. But the very fact that freezing weather is not an everyday occurrence in winter means that we can become complacent. We don’t worry about gloves and hats, especially for short trips; we don’t close storm windows; we forget to drain water from of outside pipes. I have been guilty of all three.

But while a burst water pipe in the garden is an inconvenience, freezing weather for a homeless person can be deadly. You don’t have to freeze solid to die in the cold. Hypothermia can occur when the body temperature falls from the normal 98.6 degrees to under 95 degrees.

In the past, hypothermia was not uncommon among homeless people in winter. Today, cities like Washington are being proactive in preventing hypothermia among the homeless.

If the temperature and wind chill falls below 15 degrees Fahrenheit, the city declares a Cold Emergency Alert. If there is snow or other bad weather, the alert is declared for temperature and wind chill below 20 degrees. The alert triggers a response from the city and others.

For example, most homeless shelters normally close around 6 a.m., which means that those who took shelter are back on the streets. But during bad cold spells, the homeless are allowed to stay in the shelters. No additional services are provided, but they are at least kept warm. Additional emergency shelters, often in churches and community centers, are also opened to take in those who normally don’t use shelters but sleep on the streets.

The city also has a hotline that citizens can call if they see a homeless person in distress. The city will provide free transportation to an emergency shelter or warming site to anyone experiencing homelessness in the District during a cold emergency.

All of this is essential if the homeless are to be kept from freezing. Those dealing with the homeless keep reinforcing the message that the cold can kill. “We constantly preach how dangerous it is out there,” says Ned Hogan, director of development and volunteer coordinator at the Father McKenna Center, which serves the poor and homeless in Washington.

Is the system perfect? Of course not. Can people fall through the cracks? Yes. It is still unclear whether Washington will get through the winter without a fatality from hypothermia. But at least there is a plan and an organized effort to respond to a cold emergency when it happens. The city, the nonprofits, the churches and their volunteers are to be commended and supported for helping the homeless survive the bitter cold.

About the author

Thomas Reese

The Rev. Thomas J. Reese, a Jesuit priest, is a Senior Analyst at RNS. Previously he was a columnist at the National Catholic Reporter (2015-17) and an associate editor (1978-85) and editor in chief (1998-2005) at America magazine. He was also a senior fellow at the Woodstock Theological Center at Georgetown University (1985-98 & 2006-15) where he wrote Archbishop, A Flock of Shepherds, and Inside the Vatican. Earlier he worked as a lobbyist for tax reform. He has a doctorate in political science from the University of California Berkeley. He entered the Jesuits in 1962 and was ordained a priest in 1974 after receiving a M.Div from the Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley.


Click here to post a comment

  • I live in a big City and we have thousands of homeless people on the street. Some I have seen for over 20 years. They are professionals who know how to survive and never sleep indoors. Some are professional beggars that look pathetic and pan-handle hundreds of dollars a day (I have seen some of them dressed up with their friends). Some are drug addicts and alcoholics that have tapped out every friend and family member in life and now rely on soft hearted people to support their habits. Some are mentally ill and their families cannot control them. And others, that I have become friends with and can talk to, I could not help them because they were so beaten down by life, they did not feel “worth it” deep down inside and I watched them slowly die of degenerative diseases. Not to change the subject, but I have seen some of my wealthy friends die of self inflicted degenerative diseases because they did to feel “worth it” either– they eat too much, drink too much, and smoke too much, and not too many people gave a care about them either after a while. For years I have seen religious people and social workers reach out to them and every year I see the same thing. I also read in the news the constant flow of famous athletes, actors, musicians, singers, etc, that succumb to the same problems- even while millions of people love them and they have all the money in the world.

    If any of you had a family member that was down on their luck and you brought them into your home, how many months would you put up with them sitting up on your couch everyday, eating out of your refrigerator, and exposing their bad habits to the rest of your family? At some point it is better to be cruel than weak, because it is kinder on everyone in the long run.

  • While good intentioned, emergency shelters are a band-aid approach to a significant social and human problem that is lee effective as an approach (and more expensive) than actually ending homelessness. 12% of veterans, 1 out of every 50 children who will experience it at some point and 1 federal program to address the issue (McKinney–Vento Homeless Assistance Ac, 1987).

  • Thanks for demonstrating that your faith in god is hollow.

    God asked if you were your brother’s keeper, you’ve said ‘no’.